Do religious differences matter? : An analysis in India

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GEBERT, Diether, Sabine BOERNER, Debrabata CHATTERJEE, 2011. Do religious differences matter? : An analysis in India. In: Team Performance Management: An International Journal. 17(3/4), pp. 224-240. ISSN 1352-7592. Available under: doi: 10.1108/13527591111143736

@article{Gebert2011relig-15139, title={Do religious differences matter? : An analysis in India}, year={2011}, doi={10.1108/13527591111143736}, number={3/4}, volume={17}, issn={1352-7592}, journal={Team Performance Management: An International Journal}, pages={224--240}, author={Gebert, Diether and Boerner, Sabine and Chatterjee, Debrabata} }

2011 Do religious differences matter? : An analysis in India terms-of-use Gebert, Diether First publ. in: Team Performance Management ; 17 (2011), 3/4. - pp. 224-240 eng Boerner, Sabine 2011-12-06T08:07:54Z Boerner, Sabine Gebert, Diether Chatterjee, Debrabata 2011-12-06T08:07:54Z Chatterjee, Debrabata Purpose – This paper aims to analyze the relationship between religious differences (i.e. religious diversity and tolerance diversity), on the one hand, and dysfunctional intergroup conflicts, on the other.<br /><br />Design/methodology/approach – A quantitative research design is used, through which the paper examines 47 public schools in India.<br /><br />Findings – Religious diversity, that is, the distribution of heterogeneous religious affiliations in an organization, is unrelated to dysfunctional intergroup conflicts. By contrast, tolerance diversity, that is, the heterogeneity of organizational members' beliefs regarding the question of how strictly religious commandments should be followed, is positively related to dysfunctional conflicts.<br /><br />Research limitations/implications – The results of this study are limited to public organizations in the Indian context.<br /><br />Practical implications – Since religious diversity is not connected to intergroup conflicts, fostering religious diversity in organizations could render the societal norm “unity in diversity” more authentic and attractive. This in turn would enhance the ability of different religions to cooperate in Indian organizations. In contrast with religious diversity, the heterogeneity of religious tolerance is significantly related to intergroup conflicts; a possible remedy could be the use of a transformational leadership style.<br /><br />Originality/value – This study is the first to investigate both religious diversity and tolerance diversity in their effects on the emergence of intergroup conflicts, that is, apparent emotional tensions between organizational subgroups.

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