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Structure of the Dissimilatory Sulfite Reductase from the Hyperthermophilic Archaeon Archaeoglobus fulgidus

Structure of the Dissimilatory Sulfite Reductase from the Hyperthermophilic Archaeon Archaeoglobus fulgidus

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SCHIFFER, Alexander, Kristian PAREY, Eberhard WARKENTIN, Kay DIEDERICHS, Harald HUBER, Karl O. STETTER, Peter M. KRONECK, Ulrich ERMLER, 2008. Structure of the Dissimilatory Sulfite Reductase from the Hyperthermophilic Archaeon Archaeoglobus fulgidus. In: Journal of Molecular Biology. 379(5), pp. 1063-1074. ISSN 0022-2836. eISSN 1089-8638. Available under: doi: 10.1016/j.jmb.2008.04.027

@article{Schiffer2008-06-20Struc-1177, title={Structure of the Dissimilatory Sulfite Reductase from the Hyperthermophilic Archaeon Archaeoglobus fulgidus}, year={2008}, doi={10.1016/j.jmb.2008.04.027}, number={5}, volume={379}, issn={0022-2836}, journal={Journal of Molecular Biology}, pages={1063--1074}, author={Schiffer, Alexander and Parey, Kristian and Warkentin, Eberhard and Diederichs, Kay and Huber, Harald and Stetter, Karl O. and Kroneck, Peter M. and Ermler, Ulrich} }

<rdf:RDF xmlns:dcterms="http://purl.org/dc/terms/" xmlns:dc="http://purl.org/dc/elements/1.1/" xmlns:rdf="http://www.w3.org/1999/02/22-rdf-syntax-ns#" xmlns:bibo="http://purl.org/ontology/bibo/" xmlns:dspace="http://digital-repositories.org/ontologies/dspace/0.1.0#" xmlns:foaf="http://xmlns.com/foaf/0.1/" xmlns:void="http://rdfs.org/ns/void#" xmlns:xsd="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema#" > <rdf:Description rdf:about="https://kops.uni-konstanz.de/rdf/resource/123456789/1177"> <dc:language>eng</dc:language> <dc:contributor>Ermler, Ulrich</dc:contributor> <bibo:uri rdf:resource="http://kops.uni-konstanz.de/handle/123456789/1177"/> <dc:creator>Parey, Kristian</dc:creator> <dc:contributor>Diederichs, Kay</dc:contributor> <dc:contributor>Huber, Harald</dc:contributor> <void:sparqlEndpoint rdf:resource="http://localhost/fuseki/dspace/sparql"/> <dc:contributor>Stetter, Karl O.</dc:contributor> <foaf:homepage rdf:resource="http://localhost:8080/jspui"/> <dc:creator>Kroneck, Peter M.</dc:creator> <dcterms:bibliographicCitation>Publ. in: Journal of Molecular Biology 379 (2008), 5, pp. 1063-1074</dcterms:bibliographicCitation> <dspace:isPartOfCollection rdf:resource="https://kops.uni-konstanz.de/rdf/resource/123456789/28"/> <dc:creator>Huber, Harald</dc:creator> <dcterms:issued>2008-06-20</dcterms:issued> <dc:creator>Warkentin, Eberhard</dc:creator> <dcterms:hasPart rdf:resource="https://kops.uni-konstanz.de/bitstream/123456789/1177/1/Diederichs%20edit%206.pdf"/> <dc:creator>Schiffer, Alexander</dc:creator> <dc:contributor>Parey, Kristian</dc:contributor> <dc:contributor>Kroneck, Peter M.</dc:contributor> <dc:creator>Ermler, Ulrich</dc:creator> <dcterms:rights rdf:resource="http://nbn-resolving.org/urn:nbn:de:bsz:352-20140905103416863-3868037-7"/> <dc:date rdf:datatype="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema#dateTime">2011-03-23T09:06:39Z</dc:date> <dcterms:isPartOf rdf:resource="https://kops.uni-konstanz.de/rdf/resource/123456789/28"/> <dspace:hasBitstream rdf:resource="https://kops.uni-konstanz.de/bitstream/123456789/1177/1/Diederichs%20edit%206.pdf"/> <dc:contributor>Warkentin, Eberhard</dc:contributor> <dcterms:abstract xml:lang="eng">Conservation of energy based on the reduction of sulfate is of fundamental importance for the biogeochemical sulfur cycle. A key enzyme of this ancient anaerobic process is the dissimilatory sulfite reductase (dSir), which catalyzes the six-electron reduction of sulfite to hydrogen sulfide under participation of a unique magnetically coupled siroheme [4Fe 4S] center. We determined the crystal structure of the enzyme from the sulfate-reducing archaeon Archaeoglobus fulgidus at 2-Å resolution and compared it with that of the phylogenetically related assimilatory Sir (aSir). dSir is organized as a heterotetrameric (αβ)2 complex composed of two catalytically independent αβ heterodimers. In contrast, aSir is a monomeric protein built of two fused modules that are structurally related to subunits α and β except for a ferredoxin domain inserted only into the subunits of dSir. The [4Fe 4S] cluster of this ferredoxin domain is considered as the terminal redox site of the electron transfer pathway to the siroheme [4Fe 4S] center in dSir. While aSir binds one siroheme [4Fe 4S] center, dSir harbors two of them within each αβ heterodimer. Surprisingly, only one siroheme [4Fe 4S] center in each αβ heterodimer is catalytically active, whereas access to the second one is blocked by a tryptophan residue. The spatial proximity of the functional and structural siroheme [4Fe 4S] centers suggests that the catalytic activity at one active site was optimized during evolution at the expense of the enzymatic competence of the other. The sulfite binding mode and presumably the mechanism of sulfite reduction appear to be largely conserved between dSir and aSir. In addition, a scenario for the evolution of Sirs is proposed.</dcterms:abstract> <dc:creator>Stetter, Karl O.</dc:creator> <dc:creator>Diederichs, Kay</dc:creator> <dc:contributor>Schiffer, Alexander</dc:contributor> <dcterms:available rdf:datatype="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema#dateTime">2011-03-23T09:06:39Z</dcterms:available> <dc:rights>deposit-license</dc:rights> <dcterms:title>Structure of the Dissimilatory Sulfite Reductase from the Hyperthermophilic Archaeon Archaeoglobus fulgidus</dcterms:title> </rdf:Description> </rdf:RDF>

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