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Die Analyse sozialer Ungleichheit : konzeptuelle Überlegungen und empirische Erkenntnisse

Die Analyse sozialer Ungleichheit : konzeptuelle Überlegungen und empirische Erkenntnisse


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AUSPURG, Katrin, 2010. Die Analyse sozialer Ungleichheit : konzeptuelle Überlegungen und empirische Erkenntnisse

@phdthesis{Auspurg2010Analy-11399, title={Die Analyse sozialer Ungleichheit : konzeptuelle Überlegungen und empirische Erkenntnisse}, year={2010}, author={Auspurg, Katrin}, address={Konstanz}, school={Universität Konstanz} }

2011-03-25T09:33:40Z Auspurg, Katrin deu deposit-license 2010 Die Analyse sozialer Ungleichheit : konzeptuelle Überlegungen und empirische Erkenntnisse application/pdf Auspurg, Katrin The main thesis of this dissertation is the following: The sociology of inequality would benefit by a stronger consideration of the principles of analytical sociology. The intention of analytical sociology as it is represented by Peter Hedström and many other advocates of rational choice theory is to develop precise, abstract and empirically testable explanations for social phenomena based on theories of action. A short review shows that, so far, only little attention has been paid to these principles in the sociology of social inequality. On the one hand there exist large-scale social theories like social class theories, functional theories of social stratification or theories of social differentiation. These approaches only insufficiently meet the criteria of generating empirically testable hypotheses based on theories of action and often lack empirically supported knowledge. On the other hand there are very detailed descriptions of social strata, life styles and social milieus or transnational social spaces. These do not reach the requirements of theoretically motivated empirical studies and a sufficient degree of abstraction. Additionally, more research on adequate empirical methods for conducting analytical sociology is desirable. Central aim of this dissertation is therefore to encourage a more analytically-oriented sociology of inequality, to give some hints for innovative empirical methods (like experiments in surveys), and to demonstrate their potential by three empirical examples.<br />The first example ( Emergence of an Academic Elite? The Impact of Universities Size and Reputation on Research Funding ) deals with the distribution of research money at universities. Several hypotheses on the impact of universities size and reputation on the chances of grant approval are tested. Using data provided by the German Research Foundation (DFG) for all applicants for single grants from 1991 to 2004, individual chances of grant approval as well as success rates in departmental grant acquisition are estimated. The analyses detect neither strong context effects on individual chances of grant approval nor a clear tendency towards a higher concentration of research funding on fewer universities. Only scientists working in West German universities with a long standing tradition have a slightly better chance to get research funding. There is no trend of a growing inequality among the universities regarding funding of single grants.<br />The article Migration Decisions Within Dual-Earner Partnerships: A Test of Bargaining Theory" focuses on the problems arising from the regional coordination of the partners careers in dual-earner partnerships. It is still unknown whether the fact that couples are less mobile than singles is caused by homogenous preferences within couples or by a process of balancing conflicting interests. Consequently, the potential conflicts provoked by work-related migration incentives are analyzed. Hypotheses derived from bargaining theory are tested using quasi-experimental data from a factorial survey of nearly 280 European couples. The results support the bargaining approach and confirm that the potential for conflict is driven by asymmetrical shifts in bargaining power. Women s willingness to move is generally lower than men s, but the impact of employment prospects differs only slightly by gender. All in all there is little evidence for gender specific theories.<br />The paper Complexity, Learning Effects and Plausibility of Vignettes in the Factorial Survey Design represents a methodological study on the measurement validity of factorial survey design. The study provides a brief overview of the use of factorial design in the social sciences and points to still unresolved methodological questions. Using experimental data specifically designed for this purpose the empirical analyses consider the stability of respondents judgments with respect to the number of dimensions presented in the vignettes, possible learning effects and implausible or illogical cases (vignettes describing objects or situations which are rare or even impossible). Several hypotheses regarding the complexity of vignettes and the consistency of judgments are tested by an online survey on the justice of earnings. According to the results, a high complexity of vignettes and implausible cases cause respondents to consider fewer dimensions in their judgments. Smaller influences of vignette variables are found while the consistency of the judgments remains the same.<br />Taken together, the three empirical examples demonstrate from very different subjective and methodological perspectives the valuable knowledge the sociology of inequality would gain by a stronger consideration of the principles of analytical sociology. The Analysis of Social Inequality. Conceptual Considerations and Empirical Evidences 2011-03-25T09:33:40Z

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