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Gewalt an beruflichen Schulen in München : eine Untersuchung mit Instrumenten der Mehrebenenanalyse

Gewalt an beruflichen Schulen in München : eine Untersuchung mit Instrumenten der Mehrebenenanalyse

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GANSER, Christian, 2008. Gewalt an beruflichen Schulen in München : eine Untersuchung mit Instrumenten der Mehrebenenanalyse [Dissertation]. Konstanz: University of Konstanz

@phdthesis{Ganser2008Gewal-11394, title={Gewalt an beruflichen Schulen in München : eine Untersuchung mit Instrumenten der Mehrebenenanalyse}, year={2008}, author={Ganser, Christian}, address={Konstanz}, school={Universität Konstanz} }

2008 deu deposit-license application/pdf Violence at vocational schools in Munich: a multilevel analysis 2011-03-25T09:33:38Z 2011-03-25T09:33:38Z This thesis addresses violence at vocational schools. The goals of this study are to identify variables which influence violent behaviour at vocational schools and to enhance the methodological standards of school violence research.<br />After a summary of the status of current research, critical developments in the German system of vocational education are discussed. It is argued that factors like the change of required qualifications or growing competition between trainees could initiate a change of the structure of pupils at vocational schools. This structural change could cause an increasing problem with violence at these schools. Therefore, vocational schools should be subject to research in this regard.<br />Following a more precise definition of violence, potential influential factors on violent behaviour are derived from theories of deviant behaviour an hypotheses about their effects are formulated.<br />These hypotheses are tested using data collected in a project evaluating social work in schools. In each of the three surveys conducted in the years from 2002 to 2004 between 5,600 and 6,800 pupils answered a questionnaire. The results can't be generalized due to the sample method, but provide important evidence for further research and allow to test a rich variety of hypotheses because of the thematic diversity of the questionnaires used.<br />A descriptive analysis shows, in accordance with prior research, that there are only few serious incidents of violence. Nevertheless, the level of violence is reason enough to study vocational schools more intensely.<br />Next, the hypotheses formulated above are tested. Starting with the operationalization of the dependent variable measuring school violence and the specification of appropriate multilevel regression models, the influence of individual characteristics is then analyzed. Differences on the school level found in models without covariates can be explained by these variables on the individual level. However, differences on the class level remain, which cannot be explained by self-selection.<br />Therefore, some characteristics of classes are considered but show little effects on individual violent behaviour. It can be shown that characteristics of cliques and circles of friends and of the family and the childhood influence deviant behaviour. It is concluded that theories which emphasize characteristics of the individual can explain school violence. Empirical evidence in favour of theories which emphasize characteristics of schools and classes is largely missing, however.<br />Two main conclusions can be derived. First, vocational schools indeed need to be analysed in more detail than done so far. Second, there are heterogeneous findings concerning methodology. Although differences between multilevel models and single level models are small, they imply that context effects are overestimated when the multilevel structure of the data is ignored. Furthermore, differentiation between individual and context effects is only possible when applying adequate models, which is omitted in many studies. Gewalt an beruflichen Schulen in München : eine Untersuchung mit Instrumenten der Mehrebenenanalyse Ganser, Christian Ganser, Christian

Dateiabrufe seit 01.10.2014 (Informationen über die Zugriffsstatistik)

Diss_Ganser.pdf 464

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