KOPS - Das Institutionelle Repositorium der Universität Konstanz

Screening for Posttraumatic Stress Disorder among Somali ex-combatants : a validation study

Screening for Posttraumatic Stress Disorder among Somali ex-combatants : a validation study

Zitieren

Dateien zu dieser Ressource

Prüfsumme: MD5:8fdb2ce4f3728df3f21af75897df23b4

ODENWALD, Michael, Birke LINGENFELDER, Maggie SCHAUER, Frank NEUNER, Brigitte ROCKSTROH, Harald HINKEL, Thomas ELBERT, 2007. Screening for Posttraumatic Stress Disorder among Somali ex-combatants : a validation study. In: Conflict and Health. 1(10). Available under: doi: 10.1186/1752-1505-1-10

@article{Odenwald2007Scree-11377, title={Screening for Posttraumatic Stress Disorder among Somali ex-combatants : a validation study}, year={2007}, doi={10.1186/1752-1505-1-10}, number={10}, volume={1}, journal={Conflict and Health}, author={Odenwald, Michael and Lingenfelder, Birke and Schauer, Maggie and Neuner, Frank and Rockstroh, Brigitte and Hinkel, Harald and Elbert, Thomas} }

eng 2007 Hinkel, Harald 2011-03-25T09:28:03Z First publ. in: Conflict and Health 2007, 1, 10 application/pdf Rockstroh, Brigitte Elbert, Thomas Odenwald, Michael deposit-license Hinkel, Harald Odenwald, Michael Screening for Posttraumatic Stress Disorder among Somali ex-combatants : a validation study Lingenfelder, Birke Lingenfelder, Birke Schauer, Maggie Neuner, Frank Neuner, Frank 2011-03-25T09:28:03Z Background: In Somalia, a large number of active and former combatants are affected by psychological problems such as Posttraumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD). This disorder impairs their ability to re-integrate into civilian life. However, many screening instruments for Posttraumatic Stress Disorder used in post-conflict settings have limited validity. Here we report on development and validation of a screening tool for PTSD in Somali language with a sample of x-combatants.<br />Methods: We adapted the Posttraumatic Diagnostic Scale (PDS) to reflect linguistic and cultural differences within the Somali community so that local interviewers could be trained to administer the scale. For validation purposes, a randomly selected group of 135 Somali ex-combatants was screened by trained local interviewers; 64 of them were then re-assessed by trained clinical psychologists using the Composite International Diagnostic Interview (CIDI) and the Self-Report Questionnaire (SRQ-20).<br />Results: The screening instrument showed good internal consistency (Cronbach's ? = .86), convergent validity with the CIDI (sensitivity = .90; specificity = .90) as well as concurrent validity: positive cases showed higher SRQ-20 scores, higher prevalence of psychotic symptoms, and higher levels of intake of the local stimulant drug khat. Compared to a single cut-off score, the multicriteria scoring, in keeping with the DSM-IV, produced more diagnostic specificity.<br />Conclusion: The results provide evidence that our screening instrument is a reliable and valid method to detect PTSD among Somali ex-combatants. A future Disarmament, Demobilization and Reintegration Program in Somalia is recommended to screen for PTSD in order to identify excombatants with special psycho-social needs. Elbert, Thomas Rockstroh, Brigitte Schauer, Maggie

Dateiabrufe seit 01.10.2014 (Informationen über die Zugriffsstatistik)

Odenwald2007_conf_Health.pdf 137

Das Dokument erscheint in:

deposit-license Solange nicht anders angezeigt, wird die Lizenz wie folgt beschrieben: deposit-license

KOPS Suche


Stöbern

Mein Benutzerkonto