Effects of Inhaled Nicotine on Instrumental Learning of Blood Pressure Responses

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BIRBAUMER, Niels, Thomas ELBERT, Brigitte ROCKSTROH, Johannes KRÄMER, Werner LUTZENBERGER, Paul GROSSMANN, 1992. Effects of Inhaled Nicotine on Instrumental Learning of Blood Pressure Responses. In: Biofeedback and Self-Regulation. 17(2), pp. 107-123

@article{Birbaumer1992Effec-11335, title={Effects of Inhaled Nicotine on Instrumental Learning of Blood Pressure Responses}, year={1992}, doi={10.1007/BF01000102}, number={2}, volume={17}, journal={Biofeedback and Self-Regulation}, pages={107--123}, author={Birbaumer, Niels and Elbert, Thomas and Rockstroh, Brigitte and Krämer, Johannes and Lutzenberger, Werner and Grossmann, Paul} }

<rdf:RDF xmlns:rdf="http://www.w3.org/1999/02/22-rdf-syntax-ns#" xmlns:bibo="http://purl.org/ontology/bibo/" xmlns:dc="http://purl.org/dc/elements/1.1/" xmlns:dcterms="http://purl.org/dc/terms/" xmlns:xsd="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema#" > <rdf:Description rdf:about="https://kops.uni-konstanz.de/rdf/resource/123456789/11335"> <dcterms:rights rdf:resource="https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/2.0/legalcode"/> <dc:language>eng</dc:language> <dc:creator>Rockstroh, Brigitte</dc:creator> <dcterms:abstract xml:lang="eng">The present study investigated the effects of biofeedback of arterial blood pressure on cortical, peripheral, and psychological measures and the dependence of these effects on nicotine. Four groups of subjects, nonsmokers, and habitual smokers who smoked cigarettes during the experimental sessions containing 0.3, 0.8, or 1.5 mg nicotine, respectively, participated in a feedback paradigm in which continuous feedback of mean blood pressure was provided for intervals of 8 s each. While tonic blood pressure did not differ between the groups, the ability to modulate blood pressure (under feedback conditions) was restricted in smokers as compared to nonsmoking subjects; increasing nicotine dosage was accompanied by poorer performance. Independently of habitual smoking and nicotine doses, heart rate increased during feedback and under conditions of blood pressure increase. In smokers, activity in the alpha band was reduced in a dose-dependent manner. Slow cortical potentials (SCPs) during the feedback interval varied with self-induced blood pressure changes in nonsmokers (blood pressure increase was accompanied by reduced surface-negative potential shifts and vice versa), while SCP variations during feedback conditions were small in smokers, more so under the influence of 0.3 and 0.8-mg nicotine, less so under 1.5 mg. Verbal reports suggest that awareness of performance strategies may not be a necessary variable for performance on the blood pressure regulation task.</dcterms:abstract> <dc:contributor>Rockstroh, Brigitte</dc:contributor> <dc:contributor>Grossmann, Paul</dc:contributor> <dc:date rdf:datatype="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema#dateTime">2011-03-25T09:27:43Z</dc:date> <dcterms:title>Effects of Inhaled Nicotine on Instrumental Learning of Blood Pressure Responses</dcterms:title> <dc:format>application/pdf</dc:format> <dcterms:issued>1992</dcterms:issued> <dc:creator>Birbaumer, Niels</dc:creator> <dc:creator>Krämer, Johannes</dc:creator> <dc:creator>Lutzenberger, Werner</dc:creator> <dc:contributor>Elbert, Thomas</dc:contributor> <dcterms:available rdf:datatype="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema#dateTime">2011-03-25T09:27:43Z</dcterms:available> <dc:creator>Elbert, Thomas</dc:creator> <dc:rights>deposit-license</dc:rights> <dc:contributor>Birbaumer, Niels</dc:contributor> <dc:contributor>Lutzenberger, Werner</dc:contributor> <bibo:uri rdf:resource="http://kops.uni-konstanz.de/handle/123456789/11335"/> <dc:contributor>Krämer, Johannes</dc:contributor> <dcterms:bibliographicCitation>First publ. in: Biofeedback and Self-Regulation 17 (1992), 2, pp. 107-123</dcterms:bibliographicCitation> <dc:creator>Grossmann, Paul</dc:creator> </rdf:Description> </rdf:RDF>

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