Adolescents Family Models : A Cross-Cultural Study

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MAYER, Boris, 2009. Adolescents Family Models : A Cross-Cultural Study [Dissertation]. Konstanz: University of Konstanz

@phdthesis{Mayer2009Adole-11216, title={Adolescents Family Models : A Cross-Cultural Study}, year={2009}, author={Mayer, Boris}, address={Konstanz}, school={Universität Konstanz} }

2011-03-25T09:26:26Z 2011-03-25T09:26:26Z deposit-license Familienmodelle Jugendlicher: Eine kulturvergleichende Studie eng 2009 Mayer, Boris Mayer, Boris Adolescents Family Models : A Cross-Cultural Study This study explores and compares the family models of adolescents across ten cultures using a typological and multilevel approach. Thereby, it aims to empirically contribute to Kagitcibasi s (2007) theory of family change. This theory postulates the existence of three ideal-typical family models across cultures: a family model of independence prevailing in Western societies, a family model of (total) interdependence prevailing in non-industrialized agrarian cultures, and as a synthesis of the latter two a family model of emotional interdependence. This family model should develop when collectivistic cultures are modernizing/industrializing. Thus, traditional cultures characterized by a family model of (total) interdependence should not go all the way to the family model of independence when undergoing modernization processes but instead develop an emotionally interdependent model that allows combining autonomy and close interpersonal relatedness. This assumption contradicts classical modernization-theoretical approaches and has not been tested yet sufficiently in empirical studies. In a first step, adolescents general and family-related values are explored in a typological multilevel approach to obtain value profiles that can be related to the three ideal-typical family models. In a further step, these value profiles are validated by relating them to family model indicators representing concrete behavioral intentions. The data for this study come from the cross-cultural and interdisciplinary project "Value of Children and Intergenerational Relations" (Trommsdorff, 2001) (funded by the German Research Foundation) and contain a sample of 2566 male and female adolescents from the People s Republic of China, Germany, France, India, Indonesia, Israel, Japan, South Africa, Switzerland, and Turkey.<br />To identify the assumed family model value profiles at the cultural and individual level, cluster analyses were employed. At both levels of analysis three value profiles corresponding to the expected pattern of the three ideal-typical family models emerged. The value profile corresponding to the family model of emotional interdependence was similar to the profile corresponding to the family model of (total) interdependence with respect to value orientations representing emotional relatedness, and similar to the profile corresponding to the family model of independence with respect to value orientations representing autonomy and material interdependencies among family members. Furthermore, culture-level and individual-level analyses corresponded with respect to cluster-membership: cultures displaying a specific family model value profile in the culture-level analysis were "populated" by a majority of adolescents who displayed the same type of family model value profile in the individual-level analysis.<br />To validate the identified family model value profiles these were related to family model indicators representing concrete behavioral intentions. The prediction was carried out separately for the value profiles identified at the cultural as well as the individual level. Employing multinomial logistic regression models, first the effect of family model value profiles on adolescents readiness to help their parents with household work was analyzed. Results showed a strong effect of family model value profiles on both levels of analysis: nearly all adolescents with a family model of (total) interdependence would help their parents instead of meeting their friends as they originally planned. Two thirds of adolescents with a family model of emotional interdependence would help their parents, whereas only one third adolescents with a family model of independence would do the same. For the relation of family model value profiles to adolescents plans to start an own family in the future overall weaker effects were found: adolescents with a family model of (total) interdependence reported the strongest intention to get married and have children in the future, those with a family model of emotional interdependence were most insecure in this regard, and those with a family model of independence were most likely not to plan to get married and have children. Nevertheless, family future orientation was strong in all family models and cultural groups. There were no effects of family models and culture on adolescents sex preference regarding a future child: the participants either did not report any preference or preferred their own sex.<br />Overall, the results strengthen the controversial validity of the family model of emotional interdependence at the cultural and individual level with regard to value profiles and their relation to more behaviorally relevant family model indicators. Whether this family model represents a synthetical convergence model as suggested by Kagitcibasi s theory, or rather represents a transitional model has to be studied in future research. application/pdf

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