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Long-term consequences of traumatic experiences : an assessment of former political detainees in romania

Long-term consequences of traumatic experiences : an assessment of former political detainees in romania

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Prüfsumme: MD5:a170192c20b9f62506916025a68d2756

BICHESCU, Dana Maria, Maggie SCHAUER, Evangelia SALEPTSI, Adrian NECULAU, Thomas ELBERT, Frank NEUNER, 2005. Long-term consequences of traumatic experiences : an assessment of former political detainees in romania. In: Clinical Practice and Epidemiology in Mental Health. 1(17). Available under: doi: 10.1186/1745-0179-1-17

@article{Bichescu2005Longt-11151, title={Long-term consequences of traumatic experiences : an assessment of former political detainees in romania}, year={2005}, doi={10.1186/1745-0179-1-17}, number={17}, volume={1}, journal={Clinical Practice and Epidemiology in Mental Health}, author={Bichescu, Dana Maria and Schauer, Maggie and Saleptsi, Evangelia and Neculau, Adrian and Elbert, Thomas and Neuner, Frank} }

2011-03-25T09:25:57Z Neculau, Adrian First publ. in: Clinical Practice and Epidemiology in Mental Health 2005, 1:17 Saleptsi, Evangelia Saleptsi, Evangelia Elbert, Thomas Neuner, Frank 2011-03-25T09:25:57Z deposit-license Background: Research has suggested that organized violence and torture have long-term psychological effects that persist throughout the lifespan. The present survey aimed at examining the prevalence of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), and other disorders and symptoms, all present in old age, as long-term consequences of politically motivated violence in a comparison design.<br />Methods: A group of former political detainees (N = 59, mean age 73.5 years) who had been arrested by the Romanian communist regime were compared to an age- and gender-matched control group (N = 39). PTSD was assessed using a structured clinical interview (CIDI). The investigation of the clinical profile was further accomplished by self-rating measures for anxiety, depression, and health-related functioning, as well as by clinician-administrated interviews for substance abuse, dissociation, and somatization symptoms.<br />Results: Lifetime prevalence of PTSD was 54%. In the case of participants left untreated, PTSD persisted, often over four decades, such that current PTSD was diagnosed still in a third of the survivors. Other clinical conditions such as somatization, substance abuse, dissociative disorders, and major depression were also common among the former political detainees and often associated with current PTSD.<br />Conclusion: Our findings suggest that political detention may have long-term psychological consequences that outlast the changes in the political system. Bichescu, Dana Maria application/pdf Neculau, Adrian Schauer, Maggie Bichescu, Dana Maria eng Long-term consequences of traumatic experiences : an assessment of former political detainees in romania Schauer, Maggie 2005 Neuner, Frank Elbert, Thomas

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