The Willful Pursuit of Identity


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GOLLWITZER, Peter M., Oliver KIRCHHOF, 1998. The Willful Pursuit of Identity. In: HECKHAUSEN, Jutta, ed. and others. Motivation and self-regulation across the life span : [based on a conference entitled Life-Span Perspectives on Motivation and Control]. Cambridge:Cambridge University Press, pp. 389-423. ISBN 978-0-521-59176-8

@incollection{Gollwitzer1998Willf-11148, title={The Willful Pursuit of Identity}, year={1998}, isbn={978-0-521-59176-8}, address={Cambridge}, publisher={Cambridge University Press}, booktitle={Motivation and self-regulation across the life span : [based on a conference entitled Life-Span Perspectives on Motivation and Control]}, pages={389--423}, editor={Heckhausen, Jutta}, author={Gollwitzer, Peter M. and Kirchhof, Oliver} }

<rdf:RDF xmlns:dcterms="" xmlns:dc="" xmlns:rdf="" xmlns:bibo="" xmlns:dspace="" xmlns:foaf="" xmlns:void="" xmlns:xsd="" > <rdf:Description rdf:about=""> <dcterms:isPartOf rdf:resource=""/> <dc:creator>Gollwitzer, Peter M.</dc:creator> <dc:language>eng</dc:language> <dc:contributor>Gollwitzer, Peter M.</dc:contributor> <dspace:isPartOfCollection rdf:resource=""/> <dcterms:bibliographicCitation>First pub. in: Life-span perspectives on motivation and control / ed. Jutta Heckhausen et al. . Hillsdale, NJ: Erlbaum, 1998, pp. 389-423</dcterms:bibliographicCitation> <dspace:hasBitstream rdf:resource=""/> <dc:format>application/pdf</dc:format> <foaf:homepage rdf:resource="http://localhost:8080/jspui"/> <dc:contributor>Kirchhof, Oliver</dc:contributor> <bibo:uri rdf:resource=""/> <dcterms:abstract xml:lang="eng">The achievement of an identity is commonly construed as a choice between options, for instance, between becoming a physician or a chemist, a housewife or a professional. This approach, however, ignores the fact that identity choices, even when based on cumbersome deliberation, need to he followed up by implementational efforts. The present chapter focuses on this willful construction of a chosen identity (i.e., the implementation of identity goals) and attempts to delineate those features that distinguish it from other forms of goal-striving. More specifically, it is suggested that the pursuit of identity goals is enduring over time, as such goals cannot actually be completed and are not easily halted by failure. In fact, failure experiences invigorate identity goal pursuits, as suggested by various experiments demonstrating that identity-related failures affect subsequent identityrelevant performances positively. Moreover, it has been shown that identityrelated social recognition hampers goal-directed efforts instead of facilitating them. Apparently, identity goals entail the mere claim to be, for example, a physician in the eyes of others (i.e., are represented on the level of social reality). The chapter also addresses issues of whether the willful pursuit of identities is moderated by people's framing of the identity goal in question (i.e., as a mastery goal as opposed to a learning goal, with a positive-outcome as opposed to a negative-outcome focus), and it discusses how the processes involved with choosing an identity differ from processes associated with the implementation of the chosen identity. Finally, the present approach is related to classic notions of life-span development (i.e., the model of selective optimization with compensation, the distinction between primary and secondary forms of control), and it is suggested that people of old age and very old age are likely to remain able to maintain their identity claims, an ability that is facilitated by their tendency to reduce their social contacts to a few intimates.</dcterms:abstract> <dcterms:rights rdf:resource=""/> <dc:rights>terms-of-use</dc:rights> <dcterms:title>The Willful Pursuit of Identity</dcterms:title> <dc:date rdf:datatype="">2011-03-25T09:25:54Z</dc:date> <dcterms:available rdf:datatype="">2011-03-25T09:25:54Z</dcterms:available> <dcterms:hasPart rdf:resource=""/> <dc:creator>Kirchhof, Oliver</dc:creator> <void:sparqlEndpoint rdf:resource="http://localhost/fuseki/dspace/sparql"/> <dcterms:issued>1998</dcterms:issued> </rdf:Description> </rdf:RDF>

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