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Treating children traumatized by war and Tsunami : a comparison between exposure therapy and meditation-relaxation in North-East Sri Lanka

Treating children traumatized by war and Tsunami : a comparison between exposure therapy and meditation-relaxation in North-East Sri Lanka

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CATANI, Claudia, Mahendran KOHILADEVY, Martina RUF, Elisabeth SCHAUER, Thomas ELBERT, Frank NEUNER, 2009. Treating children traumatized by war and Tsunami : a comparison between exposure therapy and meditation-relaxation in North-East Sri Lanka. In: BMC Psychiatry. 9(22). Available under: doi: 10.1186/1471-244X-9-22

@article{Catani2009Treat-11102, title={Treating children traumatized by war and Tsunami : a comparison between exposure therapy and meditation-relaxation in North-East Sri Lanka}, year={2009}, doi={10.1186/1471-244X-9-22}, number={22}, volume={9}, journal={BMC Psychiatry}, author={Catani, Claudia and Kohiladevy, Mahendran and Ruf, Martina and Schauer, Elisabeth and Elbert, Thomas and Neuner, Frank} }

<rdf:RDF xmlns:dcterms="http://purl.org/dc/terms/" xmlns:dc="http://purl.org/dc/elements/1.1/" xmlns:rdf="http://www.w3.org/1999/02/22-rdf-syntax-ns#" xmlns:bibo="http://purl.org/ontology/bibo/" xmlns:dspace="http://digital-repositories.org/ontologies/dspace/0.1.0#" xmlns:foaf="http://xmlns.com/foaf/0.1/" xmlns:void="http://rdfs.org/ns/void#" xmlns:xsd="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema#" > <rdf:Description rdf:about="https://kops.uni-konstanz.de/rdf/resource/123456789/11102"> <dc:contributor>Elbert, Thomas</dc:contributor> <dc:contributor>Ruf, Martina</dc:contributor> <dcterms:abstract xml:lang="eng">Background: The North-Eastern part of Sri Lanka had already been affected by civil war when the 2004 Tsunami wave hit the region, leading to high rates of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) in children. In the acute aftermath of the Tsunami we tested the efficacy of two pragmatic short-term interventions when applied by trained local counselors. Methods: A randomized treatment comparison was implemented in a refugee camp in a severely affected community. 31 children who presented with a preliminary diagnosis of PTSD were randomly assigned either to six sessions Narrative Exposure Therapy for children (KIDNET) or six sessions of meditation-relaxation (MED-RELAX). Outcome measures included severity of PTSD symptoms, level of functioning and physical health. Results: In both treatment conditions, PTSD symptoms and impairment in functioning were significantly reduced at one month post-test and remained stable over time. At 6 months followup, recovery rates were 81% for the children in the KIDNET group and 71% for those in the MEDRELAX group. There was no significant difference between the two therapy groups in any outcome measure. Conclusion: As recovery rates in the treatment groups exceeded the expected rates of natural recovery, the study provides preliminary evidence for the effectiveness of NET as well as meditation-relaxation techniques when carried out by trained local counselors for the treatment of PTSD in children in the direct aftermath of mass disasters.</dcterms:abstract> <dcterms:issued>2009</dcterms:issued> <void:sparqlEndpoint rdf:resource="http://localhost/fuseki/dspace/sparql"/> <bibo:uri rdf:resource="http://kops.uni-konstanz.de/handle/123456789/11102"/> <dcterms:rights rdf:resource="http://nbn-resolving.org/urn:nbn:de:bsz:352-20140905103416863-3868037-7"/> <dc:creator>Schauer, Elisabeth</dc:creator> <dc:creator>Catani, Claudia</dc:creator> <dc:contributor>Kohiladevy, Mahendran</dc:contributor> <dcterms:bibliographicCitation>First publ. in: BMC Psychiatry (2009), 9:22</dcterms:bibliographicCitation> <dc:language>eng</dc:language> <dspace:hasBitstream rdf:resource="https://kops.uni-konstanz.de/bitstream/123456789/11102/1/Catani_etal09NET_Med_Relax.pdf"/> <dc:creator>Elbert, Thomas</dc:creator> <dspace:isPartOfCollection rdf:resource="https://kops.uni-konstanz.de/rdf/resource/123456789/43"/> <dc:rights>deposit-license</dc:rights> <dc:contributor>Schauer, Elisabeth</dc:contributor> <dc:date rdf:datatype="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema#dateTime">2011-03-25T09:25:33Z</dc:date> <dc:contributor>Neuner, Frank</dc:contributor> <dc:format>application/pdf</dc:format> <dc:creator>Ruf, Martina</dc:creator> <dcterms:available rdf:datatype="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema#dateTime">2011-03-25T09:25:33Z</dcterms:available> <dc:contributor>Catani, Claudia</dc:contributor> <dcterms:isPartOf rdf:resource="https://kops.uni-konstanz.de/rdf/resource/123456789/43"/> <dcterms:hasPart rdf:resource="https://kops.uni-konstanz.de/bitstream/123456789/11102/1/Catani_etal09NET_Med_Relax.pdf"/> <foaf:homepage rdf:resource="http://localhost:8080/jspui"/> <dc:creator>Neuner, Frank</dc:creator> <dc:creator>Kohiladevy, Mahendran</dc:creator> <dcterms:title>Treating children traumatized by war and Tsunami : a comparison between exposure therapy and meditation-relaxation in North-East Sri Lanka</dcterms:title> </rdf:Description> </rdf:RDF>

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