Mindset effects on information search in self-evaluation

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European Journal of Social Psychology. 2005, 35, pp. 313-327. Available under: doi: 10.1002/ejsp.247
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Research on mindset theory (Gollwitzer & Bayer 1999) observed that people in an implemental mindset show an orientation towards positive illusionary self-evaluationsw, hereas people in a deliberative mindset opt for accurate self-evaluations. In the present study, we tested whether these self-evaluative orientations and the associated search for certain types of self-relevant information (feedback)are moderated by low versus high self-views. With high self-view participants we observed the hypothesized mindset effects on information search, but we obtained the reverse pattern for low self-view participants. The latter finding points to self-defensiveness in low self-view individuals. Implications are discussed in terms of the consequences of accurate versus positive illusionary self-evaluations for the successful control of goal pursuits, and individual differences in mindset effects.

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ISO 690BAYER, Ute C., Peter M. GOLLWITZER, 2005. Mindset effects on information search in self-evaluation. In: European Journal of Social Psychology. 2005, 35, pp. 313-327. Available under: doi: 10.1002/ejsp.247
BibTex
@article{Bayer2005Minds-10877,
  year={2005},
  doi={10.1002/ejsp.247},
  title={Mindset effects on information search in self-evaluation},
  volume={35},
  journal={European Journal of Social Psychology},
  pages={313--327},
  author={Bayer, Ute C. and Gollwitzer, Peter M.}
}
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