Strategic automation of emotion regulation


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SCHWEIGER-GALLO, Inge, Andreas KEIL, Kathleen C. MCCULLOCH, Brigitte ROCKSTROH, Peter M. GOLLWITZER, 2009. Strategic automation of emotion regulation. In: Journal of Personality and Social Psychology. 96(1), pp. 11-31

@article{Schweiger-Gallo2009Strat-10766, title={Strategic automation of emotion regulation}, year={2009}, doi={10.1037/a0013460}, number={1}, volume={96}, journal={Journal of Personality and Social Psychology}, pages={11--31}, author={Schweiger-Gallo, Inge and Keil, Andreas and McCulloch, Kathleen C. and Rockstroh, Brigitte and Gollwitzer, Peter M.} }

As implementation intentions are a powerful self-regulation tool for thought and action (meta-analysis by P. M. Gollwitzer & P. Sheeran, 2006), the present studies were conducted to address their effectiveness in regulating emotional reactivity. Disgust- (Study 1) and fear- (Study 2) eliciting stimuli were viewed under 3 different self-regulation instructions: the goal intention to not get disgusted or frightened, respectively, this goal intention furnished with an implementation intention (i.e., an if-then plan), and a no-self-regulation control group. Only implementation-intention participants succeeded in reducing their disgust and fear reactions as compared to goal-intention and control participants. In Study 3, electrocortical correlates (using dense-array electroencephalography) revealed differential early visual activity in response to spider slides in ignore implementation-intention participants, as reflected in a smaller P1. Theoretical and applied implications of the present findings for emotion regulation via implementation intentions are discussed. First publ. in: Journal of Personality and Social Psychology 96 (2009), 1, pp. 11-31 Rockstroh, Brigitte Schweiger-Gallo, Inge 2009 Keil, Andreas eng Keil, Andreas McCulloch, Kathleen C. McCulloch, Kathleen C. Gollwitzer, Peter M. deposit-license Strategic automation of emotion regulation Gollwitzer, Peter M. application/pdf 2011-03-25T09:22:26Z Rockstroh, Brigitte Schweiger-Gallo, Inge 2011-03-25T09:22:26Z

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