The Role of Ability Judgments in Self-Handicapping

2001
Hirt, Edward R.
Journal article
Published in
Personality and social psychology bulletin ; 27 (2001), 10. - pp. 1378-1389
Abstract
This research investigated whether self-handicapping preserves specific conceptions of ability in a particular domain despite poor performance. Reports of preparatory behaviors and stress among introductory psychology students were measured prior to an exam and subsequent performance, attributions for the performance, and measures of global self-esteem and specific self-conceptions were measured after the exam. Results indicated that high self-handicappers reported reduced effort and more stress prior to the exam, performed worse on the exam, and made different attributions following the exam than did low self-handicappers. Although reported self-handicapping was detrimental to performance, male HSH individuals maintained positive conceptions of specific ability in psychology in spite of poorer performance. Moreover, the results of path analyses indicated that it was these changes in specific ability beliefs that mediated changes in global self-esteem. These findings suggest that the primary motivation underlying self-handicapping may be to protect conceptions of ability in a specific domain, which thereby serves to protect global self-esteem.
150 Psychology
Cite This
ISO 690MCCREA, Sean M., Edward R. HIRT, 2001. The Role of Ability Judgments in Self-Handicapping. In: Personality and social psychology bulletin. 27(10), pp. 1378-1389. Available under: doi: 10.1177/01461672012710013
BibTex
@article{McCrea2001Abili-10754,
year={2001},
doi={10.1177/01461672012710013},
title={The Role of Ability Judgments in Self-Handicapping},
number={10},
volume={27},
journal={Personality and social psychology bulletin},
pages={1378--1389},
author={McCrea, Sean M. and Hirt, Edward R.}
}

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