The worker scale : Developing a measure to explain gender differences in behavioral self-handicapping

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2008
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Hirt, Edward R.
Hendrix, Kristin L.
Milner, Bridgett J.
Steele, Nathan L.
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Journal of Research in Personality. 2008, 42(4), pp. 949-970. ISSN 0092-6566. eISSN 1095-7251. Available under: doi: 10.1016/j.jrp.2007.12.005
Zusammenfassung

Research has consistently found that men engage in more behavioral self-handicapping than do women. We first review evidence suggesting that these gender differences result from women placing more importance on displaying effort than do men. We then present the results of two studies seeking to develop measures of beliefs about effort that might explain these gender differences in behavioral self-handicapping. Women, across a wide range of measures, placed more importance on effort than did men. However, only a new measure of more personalized effort beliefs, dubbed the Worker scale, uniquely explained gender differences in dispositional tendency to behaviorally self-handicap. The Worker scale also predicted academic performance, consistent with the notion that these effort beliefs would predict engagement in actual behavioral selfhandicaps that undermine performance.

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Fachgebiet (DDC)
150 Psychologie
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Self-handicapping, Gender differences, Achievement
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ISO 690MCCREA, Sean M., Edward R. HIRT, Kristin L. HENDRIX, Bridgett J. MILNER, Nathan L. STEELE, 2008. The worker scale : Developing a measure to explain gender differences in behavioral self-handicapping. In: Journal of Research in Personality. 2008, 42(4), pp. 949-970. ISSN 0092-6566. eISSN 1095-7251. Available under: doi: 10.1016/j.jrp.2007.12.005
BibTex
@article{McCrea2008worke-10394,
  year={2008},
  doi={10.1016/j.jrp.2007.12.005},
  title={The worker scale : Developing a measure to explain gender differences in behavioral self-handicapping},
  number={4},
  volume={42},
  issn={0092-6566},
  journal={Journal of Research in Personality},
  pages={949--970},
  author={McCrea, Sean M. and Hirt, Edward R. and Hendrix, Kristin L. and Milner, Bridgett J. and Steele, Nathan L.}
}
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