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The modulatory influence of the functional COMT Val158Met polymorphism on lexical decisions and semantic priming

The modulatory influence of the functional COMT Val158Met polymorphism on lexical decisions and semantic priming

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REUTER, Martin, Christian MONTAG, Kristina PETERS, Anne KOCHER, Markus KIEFER, 2009. The modulatory influence of the functional COMT Val158Met polymorphism on lexical decisions and semantic priming. In: Frontiers in Human Neuroscience(3), 20

@article{Reuter2009modul-10322, title={The modulatory influence of the functional COMT Val158Met polymorphism on lexical decisions and semantic priming}, year={2009}, doi={10.3389/neuro.09.020.2009}, number={3}, journal={Frontiers in Human Neuroscience}, author={Reuter, Martin and Montag, Christian and Peters, Kristina and Kocher, Anne and Kiefer, Markus}, note={Article Number: 20} }

<rdf:RDF xmlns:rdf="http://www.w3.org/1999/02/22-rdf-syntax-ns#" xmlns:bibo="http://purl.org/ontology/bibo/" xmlns:dc="http://purl.org/dc/elements/1.1/" xmlns:dcterms="http://purl.org/dc/terms/" xmlns:xsd="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema#" > <rdf:Description rdf:about="https://kops.uni-konstanz.de/rdf/resource/123456789/10322"> <dcterms:abstract xml:lang="eng">The role of the prefrontal Cortex (PFC) in higher cognitive functions - including working memory, conflict resolution, set shifting and semantic processing - has been demonstrated unequivocally. Despite the great heterogeneity among tasks measuring these phenotypes, due in part to the different cognitive sub-processes implied and the specificity of the stimulus material used, there is agreement that all of these tasks recruit an executive control system located in the PFC. On a biochemical level it is known that the dopaminergic system plays an important role in executive control functions. Evidence comes from molecular genetics relating the functional COMT Val158Met polymorphism to working memory and set shifting. In order determine whether this pattern of findings generalises to linguistic and semantic processing, we investigated the effects of the COMT Val158Met polymorphism in lexical decision making using masked and unmasked versions of the semantic priming paradigm on N=104 healthy subjects. Although we observed strong priming effects in all conditions (masked priming, unmasked priming with short/long stimulus asynchronies (SOAs), direct and indirect priming), COMT was not significantly related to masked priming, suggesting no reliable influence on semantic processing. However, COMT Val158Met was strongly associated with lexical decision latencies in all priming conditions if considered separately, explaining between 9 to 14.5 % of the variance. Therefore, the findings indicate that COMT mainly influences more general executive control functions in the PFC supporting the speed of lexical decisions.</dcterms:abstract> <dcterms:title>The modulatory influence of the functional COMT Val158Met polymorphism on lexical decisions and semantic priming</dcterms:title> <dc:format>application/pdf</dc:format> <dc:creator>Montag, Christian</dc:creator> <dc:contributor>Kiefer, Markus</dc:contributor> <dc:creator>Reuter, Martin</dc:creator> <dcterms:rights rdf:resource="http://nbn-resolving.org/urn:nbn:de:bsz:352-20140905103416863-3868037-7"/> <dc:contributor>Peters, Kristina</dc:contributor> <dc:creator>Peters, Kristina</dc:creator> <dc:language>eng</dc:language> <dcterms:issued>2009</dcterms:issued> <bibo:uri rdf:resource="http://kops.uni-konstanz.de/handle/123456789/10322"/> <dc:contributor>Kocher, Anne</dc:contributor> <dc:creator>Kocher, Anne</dc:creator> <dc:contributor>Reuter, Martin</dc:contributor> <dc:contributor>Montag, Christian</dc:contributor> <dc:creator>Kiefer, Markus</dc:creator> <dcterms:bibliographicCitation>First publ. in: Frontiers in Human Neuroscience, (2009), 3, Art. 20</dcterms:bibliographicCitation> <dc:date rdf:datatype="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema#dateTime">2011-03-25T09:16:01Z</dc:date> <dcterms:available rdf:datatype="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema#dateTime">2011-03-25T09:16:01Z</dcterms:available> <dc:rights>deposit-license</dc:rights> </rdf:Description> </rdf:RDF>

Dateiabrufe seit 01.10.2014 (Informationen über die Zugriffsstatistik)

10.3389_neuro.09_020.2009.pdf 45

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