Validity and reliability of a Severity of Dependence Scale for khat (SDS-khat)


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KASSIM, Saba, Sharif ISLAM, Ray CROUCHER, 2010. Validity and reliability of a Severity of Dependence Scale for khat (SDS-khat). In: Journal of Ethnopharmacology. 132(3), pp. 570-577

@article{Kassim2010Valid-10264, title={Validity and reliability of a Severity of Dependence Scale for khat (SDS-khat)}, year={2010}, doi={10.1016/j.jep.2010.09.009}, number={3}, volume={132}, journal={Journal of Ethnopharmacology}, pages={570--577}, author={Kassim, Saba and Islam, Sharif and Croucher, Ray} }

Croucher, Ray Kassim, Saba Kassim, Saba 2011-03-25T09:15:34Z 2011-03-25T09:15:34Z application/pdf eng Aims of the study: (1) To assess psychological khat dependence and (2) to assess the validity and reliability of the Severity Dependence Scale (Gossop et al., 1995) amended for khat use (SDS-khat), in a sample of UK-resident male adult Yemeni khat chewers.<br />Materials and methods: A cross-sectional study using a face to face structured interview schedule was conducted amongst purposively sampled UK-resident adult Yemeni male khat chewers, aged 18 years and above, selected during random visits to places of khat sale. A factor analysis with principal components extraction was conducted to explore the construct validity of the proposed SDS-khat. Reliability of the proposed scale was assessed using test retest and internal reliability tests. The concurrent validity of the proposed SDS-khat was assessed in relation to individual measures and a composite index of khat chewing behaviours using univariate analyses.<br />Results: Two hundred and four Yemeni male adult khat chewers were interviewed. The mean score of the proposed SDS-khat was 5.52 (SD ±4.03). Forty nine percent of respondents (95% CI = 43 55%) with ≤5 scores were more likely not psychologically dependent. A single factor, uni-dimensional solution identifying the five items making up the scale accounted for 52.33% of variance. The internal reliability was good (Cronbach s alpha coefficient = 0.76) and the test retest intraclass correlation coefficient (ICC) was 0.93 (95% CI = 0.80 0.97). Many individual aspects of the khat chewing were significantly related to the scale. Assessment of the proposed SDS-khat s concurrent validity with individual items of khat chewing identified several significant relationships (p≤0.05) whilst the composite index of khat behaviour<br />also identified a significant relationship (OR = 14.40, 95% CI = 6.71 30.89). The proposed SDS-khat also correlated with self-reported reasons for khat chewing (p≤0.001, OR= 3.54; 95% CI = 1.80 6.96).<br />Conclusions: In this sample of Yemeni khat chewers the SDS-khat is recommended as a valid and reliable research tool for measuring psychological dependence upon khat. Further validation in other samples is indicated. Validity and reliability of a Severity of Dependence Scale for khat (SDS-khat) 2010 First publ. in: Journal of Ethnopharmacology 132 (2010), 3, pp. 570-577 Croucher, Ray Islam, Sharif deposit-license Islam, Sharif

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