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Self-regulatory strategy and executive control : implementation intentions modulate task switching and Simon task performance

Self-regulatory strategy and executive control : implementation intentions modulate task switching and Simon task performance

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COHEN, Anna-Lisa, Ute C. BAYER, Alexander JAUDAS, Peter M. GOLLWITZER, 2008. Self-regulatory strategy and executive control : implementation intentions modulate task switching and Simon task performance. In: Psychological Research. 72(1), pp. 12-26

@article{Cohen2008Self--10185, title={Self-regulatory strategy and executive control : implementation intentions modulate task switching and Simon task performance}, year={2008}, doi={10.1007/s00426-006-0074-2}, number={1}, volume={72}, journal={Psychological Research}, pages={12--26}, author={Cohen, Anna-Lisa and Bayer, Ute C. and Jaudas, Alexander and Gollwitzer, Peter M.} }

<rdf:RDF xmlns:rdf="http://www.w3.org/1999/02/22-rdf-syntax-ns#" xmlns:bibo="http://purl.org/ontology/bibo/" xmlns:dc="http://purl.org/dc/elements/1.1/" xmlns:dcterms="http://purl.org/dc/terms/" xmlns:xsd="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema#" > <rdf:Description rdf:about="https://kops.uni-konstanz.de/rdf/resource/123456789/10185"> <dc:creator>Gollwitzer, Peter M.</dc:creator> <dc:rights>deposit-license</dc:rights> <dc:contributor>Cohen, Anna-Lisa</dc:contributor> <dcterms:available rdf:datatype="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema#dateTime">2011-03-25T09:14:54Z</dcterms:available> <dcterms:abstract xml:lang="eng">Two tasks where failures of cognitive control are especially prevalent are task switching and spatial Simon task paradigms. Both tasks require considerable strategic control for the participant to avoid the costs associated with switching tasks (task-switching paradigm) and to minimize the influence of spatial location (Simon task). In the current study, we assessed whether the use of a self-regulatory strategy known as implementation intentions would have any beneficial effects on performance in each of these task domains. Forming an implementation intention (i.e., an if then plan) is a self- regulatory strategy in which a mental link is created between a pre-specified future cue and a desired goal-directed response, resulting in facilitated goal attainment (Gollwitzer in European Review of Social Psychology, 4, 141 185, 1993, American Psychologist, 54, 493 503, 1999). In Experiment 1, forming implementation intentions in the context of a taskswitching paradigm led to a reduction in switch costs. In Experiment 2, forming implementation intentions reduced the effects of spatial location in a Simon task for the stimulus specified in the implementation intention. Results supported the prediction that the need for high levels of cognitive control can be alleviated to some degree by making if then plans that specify how one responds to that critical stimuli.</dcterms:abstract> <dc:date rdf:datatype="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema#dateTime">2011-03-25T09:14:54Z</dc:date> <dcterms:title>Self-regulatory strategy and executive control : implementation intentions modulate task switching and Simon task performance</dcterms:title> <bibo:uri rdf:resource="http://kops.uni-konstanz.de/handle/123456789/10185"/> <dc:creator>Jaudas, Alexander</dc:creator> <dc:contributor>Jaudas, Alexander</dc:contributor> <dc:contributor>Gollwitzer, Peter M.</dc:contributor> <dc:creator>Cohen, Anna-Lisa</dc:creator> <dc:creator>Bayer, Ute C.</dc:creator> <dcterms:bibliographicCitation>First publ. in: Psychological Research 72 (2007), 1, pp. 12-26</dcterms:bibliographicCitation> <dc:format>application/pdf</dc:format> <dc:contributor>Bayer, Ute C.</dc:contributor> <dc:language>eng</dc:language> <dcterms:issued>2008</dcterms:issued> <dcterms:rights rdf:resource="https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/2.0/legalcode"/> </rdf:Description> </rdf:RDF>

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