Predictors of enhancing human physical attractiveness : Data from 93 countries

Lade...
Vorschaubild
Dateien
Kowal_2-18p2j7rz8r3d0.pdf
Kowal_2-18p2j7rz8r3d0.pdfGröße: 3.36 MBDownloads: 122
Datum
2022
Autor:innen
Kowal, Marta
Sorokowski, Piotr
Pisanski, Katarzyna
Valentova, Jaroslava V.
Varella, Marco A.C.
Frederick, David A.
Al-Shawaf, Laith
García, Felipe E.
et al.
Herausgeber:innen
Kontakt
ISSN der Zeitschrift
Electronic ISSN
ISBN
Bibliografische Daten
Verlag
Schriftenreihe
Auflagebezeichnung
ArXiv-ID
Internationale Patentnummer
Link zur Lizenz
EU-Projektnummer
DFG-Projektnummer
Projekt
Open Access-Veröffentlichung
Sammlungen
Gesperrt bis
Titel in einer weiteren Sprache
Forschungsvorhaben
Organisationseinheiten
Zeitschriftenheft
Publikationstyp
Zeitschriftenartikel
Publikationsstatus
Published
Erschienen in
Evolution and Human Behavior. Elsevier. 2022, 43(6), pp. 455-474. ISSN 1090-5138. eISSN 1879-0607. Available under: doi: 10.1016/j.evolhumbehav.2022.08.003
Zusammenfassung

People across the world and throughout history have gone to great lengths to enhance their physical appearance. Evolutionary psychologists and ethologists have largely attempted to explain this phenomenon via mating preferences and strategies. Here, we test one of the most popular evolutionary hypotheses for beauty-enhancing behaviors, drawn from mating market and parasite stress perspectives, in a large cross-cultural sample. We also test hypotheses drawn from other influential and non-mutually exclusive theoretical frameworks, from biosocial role theory to a cultural media perspective. Survey data from 93,158 human participants across 93 countries provide evidence that behaviors such as applying makeup or using other cosmetics, hair grooming, clothing style, caring for body hygiene, and exercising or following a specific diet for the specific purpose of improving ones physical attractiveness, are universal. Indeed, 99% of participants reported spending >10 min a day performing beauty-enhancing behaviors. The results largely support evolutionary hypotheses: more time was spent enhancing beauty by women (almost 4 h a day, on average) than by men (3.6 h a day), by the youngest participants (and contrary to predictions, also the oldest), by those with a relatively more severe history of infectious diseases, and by participants currently dating compared to those in established relationships. The strongest predictor of attractiveness-enhancing behaviors was social media usage. Other predictors, in order of effect size, included adhering to traditional gender roles, residing in countries with less gender equality, considering oneself as highly attractive or, conversely, highly unattractive, TV watching time, higher socioeconomic status, right-wing political beliefs, a lower level of education, and personal individualistic attitudes. This study provides novel insight into universal beauty-enhancing behaviors by unifying evolutionary theory with several other complementary perspectives.

Zusammenfassung in einer weiteren Sprache
Fachgebiet (DDC)
150 Psychologie
Schlagwörter
Konferenz
Rezension
undefined / . - undefined, undefined
Zitieren
ISO 690KOWAL, Marta, Piotr SOROKOWSKI, Katarzyna PISANSKI, Jaroslava V. VALENTOVA, Marco A.C. VARELLA, David A. FREDERICK, Laith AL-SHAWAF, Felipe E. GARCÍA, Maria Rosa MICCOLI, Ulf-Dietrich REIPS, 2022. Predictors of enhancing human physical attractiveness : Data from 93 countries. In: Evolution and Human Behavior. Elsevier. 2022, 43(6), pp. 455-474. ISSN 1090-5138. eISSN 1879-0607. Available under: doi: 10.1016/j.evolhumbehav.2022.08.003
BibTex
@article{Kowal2022-11Predi-59675,
  year={2022},
  doi={10.1016/j.evolhumbehav.2022.08.003},
  title={Predictors of enhancing human physical attractiveness : Data from 93 countries},
  number={6},
  volume={43},
  issn={1090-5138},
  journal={Evolution and Human Behavior},
  pages={455--474},
  author={Kowal, Marta and Sorokowski, Piotr and Pisanski, Katarzyna and Valentova, Jaroslava V. and Varella, Marco A.C. and Frederick, David A. and Al-Shawaf, Laith and García, Felipe E. and Miccoli, Maria Rosa and Reips, Ulf-Dietrich}
}
RDF
<rdf:RDF
    xmlns:dcterms="http://purl.org/dc/terms/"
    xmlns:dc="http://purl.org/dc/elements/1.1/"
    xmlns:rdf="http://www.w3.org/1999/02/22-rdf-syntax-ns#"
    xmlns:bibo="http://purl.org/ontology/bibo/"
    xmlns:dspace="http://digital-repositories.org/ontologies/dspace/0.1.0#"
    xmlns:foaf="http://xmlns.com/foaf/0.1/"
    xmlns:void="http://rdfs.org/ns/void#"
    xmlns:xsd="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema#" > 
  <rdf:Description rdf:about="https://kops.uni-konstanz.de/server/rdf/resource/123456789/59675">
    <dcterms:issued>2022-11</dcterms:issued>
    <dc:language>eng</dc:language>
    <dc:contributor>Reips, Ulf-Dietrich</dc:contributor>
    <dc:creator>Varella, Marco A.C.</dc:creator>
    <dc:rights>Attribution 4.0 International</dc:rights>
    <dcterms:available rdf:datatype="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema#dateTime">2023-01-11T12:43:40Z</dcterms:available>
    <dc:contributor>Frederick, David A.</dc:contributor>
    <dc:contributor>Sorokowski, Piotr</dc:contributor>
    <dc:creator>Reips, Ulf-Dietrich</dc:creator>
    <dcterms:hasPart rdf:resource="https://kops.uni-konstanz.de/bitstream/123456789/59675/1/Kowal_2-18p2j7rz8r3d0.pdf"/>
    <bibo:uri rdf:resource="https://kops.uni-konstanz.de/handle/123456789/59675"/>
    <dc:creator>Valentova, Jaroslava V.</dc:creator>
    <dcterms:title>Predictors of enhancing human physical attractiveness : Data from 93 countries</dcterms:title>
    <dc:creator>Pisanski, Katarzyna</dc:creator>
    <dc:creator>Al-Shawaf, Laith</dc:creator>
    <dcterms:rights rdf:resource="http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/"/>
    <dc:contributor>Kowal, Marta</dc:contributor>
    <dcterms:abstract xml:lang="eng">People across the world and throughout history have gone to great lengths to enhance their physical appearance. Evolutionary psychologists and ethologists have largely attempted to explain this phenomenon via mating preferences and strategies. Here, we test one of the most popular evolutionary hypotheses for beauty-enhancing behaviors, drawn from mating market and parasite stress perspectives, in a large cross-cultural sample. We also test hypotheses drawn from other influential and non-mutually exclusive theoretical frameworks, from biosocial role theory to a cultural media perspective. Survey data from 93,158 human participants across 93 countries provide evidence that behaviors such as applying makeup or using other cosmetics, hair grooming, clothing style, caring for body hygiene, and exercising or following a specific diet for the specific purpose of improving ones physical attractiveness, are universal. Indeed, 99% of participants reported spending &gt;10 min a day performing beauty-enhancing behaviors. The results largely support evolutionary hypotheses: more time was spent enhancing beauty by women (almost 4 h a day, on average) than by men (3.6 h a day), by the youngest participants (and contrary to predictions, also the oldest), by those with a relatively more severe history of infectious diseases, and by participants currently dating compared to those in established relationships. The strongest predictor of attractiveness-enhancing behaviors was social media usage. Other predictors, in order of effect size, included adhering to traditional gender roles, residing in countries with less gender equality, considering oneself as highly attractive or, conversely, highly unattractive, TV watching time, higher socioeconomic status, right-wing political beliefs, a lower level of education, and personal individualistic attitudes. This study provides novel insight into universal beauty-enhancing behaviors by unifying evolutionary theory with several other complementary perspectives.</dcterms:abstract>
    <dc:contributor>Valentova, Jaroslava V.</dc:contributor>
    <foaf:homepage rdf:resource="http://localhost:8080/"/>
    <dspace:hasBitstream rdf:resource="https://kops.uni-konstanz.de/bitstream/123456789/59675/1/Kowal_2-18p2j7rz8r3d0.pdf"/>
    <dc:creator>Frederick, David A.</dc:creator>
    <void:sparqlEndpoint rdf:resource="http://localhost/fuseki/dspace/sparql"/>
    <dcterms:isPartOf rdf:resource="https://kops.uni-konstanz.de/server/rdf/resource/123456789/43"/>
    <dc:contributor>García, Felipe E.</dc:contributor>
    <dc:contributor>Al-Shawaf, Laith</dc:contributor>
    <dc:creator>Sorokowski, Piotr</dc:creator>
    <dspace:isPartOfCollection rdf:resource="https://kops.uni-konstanz.de/server/rdf/resource/123456789/43"/>
    <dc:creator>Miccoli, Maria Rosa</dc:creator>
    <dc:contributor>Pisanski, Katarzyna</dc:contributor>
    <dc:contributor>Varella, Marco A.C.</dc:contributor>
    <dc:creator>García, Felipe E.</dc:creator>
    <dc:contributor>Miccoli, Maria Rosa</dc:contributor>
    <dc:creator>Kowal, Marta</dc:creator>
    <dc:date rdf:datatype="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema#dateTime">2023-01-11T12:43:40Z</dc:date>
  </rdf:Description>
</rdf:RDF>
Interner Vermerk
xmlui.Submission.submit.DescribeStep.inputForms.label.kops_note_fromSubmitter
Kontakt
URL der Originalveröffentl.
Prüfdatum der URL
Prüfungsdatum der Dissertation
Finanzierungsart
Kommentar zur Publikation
Allianzlizenz
Corresponding Authors der Uni Konstanz vorhanden
Internationale Co-Autor:innen
Universitätsbibliographie
Ja
Begutachtet
Ja