Physiology, Ecology, Phylogeny, and Genomics of Microorganisms Capable of Syntrophic Metabolism

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Date
2008
Authors
McInerney, Michael J.
Struchtemeyer, Christopher G.
Sieber, Jessica
Mouttaki, Housna
Stams, Alfons J. M.
Rohlin, Lars
Gunsalus, Robert P.
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Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences ; 1125 (2008), 1. - pp. 58-72. - ISSN 0077-8923. - eISSN 0077-8923
Abstract
Syntrophic metabolism is diverse in two respects: phylogenetically with microorganisms capable of syntrophic metabolism found in the Deltaproteobacteria and in the low G+C gram-positive bacteria, and metabolically given the wide variety of compounds that can be syntrophically metabolized.
The latter includes saturated fatty acids, unsaturated fatty acids, alcohols, and hydrocarbons. Besides residing in freshwater and marine anoxic sediments and soils, microbes capable of syntrophic metabolism also have been observed in more extreme habitats, including acidic soils, alkaline soils, thermal springs, and permanently cold soils, demonstrating that syntrophy is a widely distributed metabolic process in nature. Recent ecological and physiological studies show that syntrophy plays a far larger role in carbon cycling than was previously thought. The availability of the first complete genome sequences for four model microorganisms capable of syntrophic metabolism provides the genetic framework to begin dissecting the biochemistry of the marginal energy economies and interspecies interactions that are characteristic of the syntrophic lifestyle.
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Subject (DDC)
570 Biosciences, Biology
Keywords
syntrophy,methanogenesis,hydrogen,formate,acetogenesis,Syntrophus,Syntrophomonas
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Cite This
ISO 690MCINERNEY, Michael J., Christopher G. STRUCHTEMEYER, Jessica SIEBER, Housna MOUTTAKI, Alfons J. M. STAMS, Bernhard SCHINK, Lars ROHLIN, Robert P. GUNSALUS, 2008. Physiology, Ecology, Phylogeny, and Genomics of Microorganisms Capable of Syntrophic Metabolism. In: Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences. 1125(1), pp. 58-72. ISSN 0077-8923. eISSN 0077-8923. Available under: doi: 10.1196/annals.1419.005
BibTex
@article{McInerney2008Physi-8844,
  year={2008},
  doi={10.1196/annals.1419.005},
  title={Physiology, Ecology, Phylogeny, and Genomics of Microorganisms Capable of Syntrophic Metabolism},
  number={1},
  volume={1125},
  issn={0077-8923},
  journal={Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences},
  pages={58--72},
  author={McInerney, Michael J. and Struchtemeyer, Christopher G. and Sieber, Jessica and Mouttaki, Housna and Stams, Alfons J. M. and Schink, Bernhard and Rohlin, Lars and Gunsalus, Robert P.}
}
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