Synthetic nacre by predesigned matrix-directed mineralization

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2016
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Mao, Li-Bo
Gao, Huai-Ling
Yao, Hong-Bin
Liu, Gang
Chen, Si-Ming
Li, Shi-Kuo
Yan, You-Xian
Liu, Yang-Yi
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Although biomimetic designs are expected to play a key role in exploring future structural materials, facile fabrication of bulk biomimetic materials under ambient conditions remains a major challenge. Here, we describe a mesoscale "assembly-and-mineralization" approach inspired by the natural process in mollusks to fabricate bulk synthetic nacre that highly resembles both the chemical composition and the hierarchical structure of natural nacre. The millimeter-thick synthetic nacre consists of alternating organic layers and aragonite platelet layers (91 weight %) and exhibits good ultimate strength and fracture toughness. This predesigned matrix-directed mineralization method represents a rational strategy for the preparation of robust composite materials with hierarchically ordered structures, where various constituents are adaptable, including brittle and heat-labile materials.

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ISO 690MAO, Li-Bo, Huai-Ling GAO, Hong-Bin YAO, Lei LIU, Helmut CÖLFEN, Gang LIU, Si-Ming CHEN, Shi-Kuo LI, You-Xian YAN, Yang-Yi LIU, Shu-Hong YU, 2016. Synthetic nacre by predesigned matrix-directed mineralization. In: Science. 2016, 354(6308), pp. 107-110. ISSN 0036-8075. eISSN 1095-9203. Available under: doi: 10.1126/science.aaf8991
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@article{Mao2016-08-18Synth-35662,
  year={2016},
  doi={10.1126/science.aaf8991},
  title={Synthetic nacre by predesigned matrix-directed mineralization},
  number={6308},
  volume={354},
  issn={0036-8075},
  journal={Science},
  pages={107--110},
  author={Mao, Li-Bo and Gao, Huai-Ling and Yao, Hong-Bin and Liu, Lei and Cölfen, Helmut and Liu, Gang and Chen, Si-Ming and Li, Shi-Kuo and Yan, You-Xian and Liu, Yang-Yi and Yu, Shu-Hong}
}
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