Inverse Case attraction : experimental evidence for a syntactically guided process

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2018
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Zusammenfassung

In progressive Case attraction, the Case of a head nominal overwrites the Case of a following coindexed relative pronoun. The reverse process is called ‘inverse’ Case attraction. There, the morphologically overt Case of a relative pronoun overwrites the Case of a preceding head nominal. Inverse Case attraction has been attested in languages like Ancient Greek, Latin, and in the history of different Germanic languages. For modern standard German, its existence has in general been denied. We first discuss current analyses which have nevertheless identified inverse Case attraction in modern German on the basis of historical data and experimental judgement studies. We then present four behavioral experiments on the processing of German sentences. Effects of inverse Case attraction in the comprehension of German are revealed in self-paced reading times. They are fundamentally different in structures allowing attraction of dative Case than in structures allowing attraction of accusative Case, with much stronger effects for dative than for accusative Case. The results are interpreted in a theory of Case that draws a syntactic difference between structural and inherent (‘lexical’) Case rather than along the lines of the familiar Case hierarchy.

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400 Sprachwissenschaft, Linguistik
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Case, Inverse Case attraction, Dative, German, Self-paced reading
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ISO 690CZYPIONKA, Anna, Laura DÖRRE, Josef BAYER, 2018. Inverse Case attraction : experimental evidence for a syntactically guided process. In: The Journal of Comparative Germanic Linguistics. 2018, 21(2), pp. 135-188. ISSN 1383-4924. eISSN 1572-8552. Available under: doi: 10.1007/s10828-018-9099-3
BibTex
@article{Czypionka2018-07-13Inver-43053,
  year={2018},
  doi={10.1007/s10828-018-9099-3},
  title={Inverse Case attraction : experimental evidence for a syntactically guided process},
  number={2},
  volume={21},
  issn={1383-4924},
  journal={The Journal of Comparative Germanic Linguistics},
  pages={135--188},
  author={Czypionka, Anna and Dörre, Laura and Bayer, Josef}
}
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