Effects of Climate and Land-Use Change on Species Abundance in a Central European Bird Community

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2007
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Lemoine, Nicole
Peintinger, Markus
Böhning-Gaese, Katrin
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Titel in einer weiteren Sprache
Efectos del Clima y del Cambio de Uso de Suelo sobre Especies en una Comunidad de Aves en Europa Central
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Conservation Biology. Wiley-Blackwell. 2007, 21(2), pp. 495-503. ISSN 0888-8892. eISSN 1523-1739. Available under: doi: 10.1111/j.1523-1739.2006.00633.x
Zusammenfassung

Although it is known that changes in land use and climate have an impact on ecological communities, it is unclear which of these factors is currently most important. We sought to determine the influence of land-use and climate alteration on changes in the abundance of Central European birds. We examined the impact of these factors by contrasting abundance changes of birds of different breeding habitat, latitudinal distribution, and migratory behavior. We examined data from the semiquantitative Breeding Bird Atlas of Lake Constance, which borders Germany, Switzerland, and Austria. Changes in the regional abundance of the 159 coexisting bird species from 1980-1981 to 2000-2002 were influenced by all three factors. Farmland birds, species with northerly ranges, and long-distance migrants declined, and wetland birds and species with southerly ranges increased in abundance. A separate analysis of the two decades between 1980-1981 and 1990-1992 and between 1990-1992 and 2000-2002 showed that the impact of climate change increased significantly over time. Latitudinal distribution was not significant in the first decade and became the most significant predictor of abundance changes in the second decade. Although the spatial scale and temporal resolution of our study is limited, this is the first study that suggests that climate change has overtaken land-use modification in determining population trends of Central European birds.

Zusammenfassung in einer weiteren Sprache

Aunque se sabe que los cambios de uso de suelo y de clima tienen un impacto sobre las comunidades biológicas, no es claro cual de esos factores es más importante. Buscamos determinar la influencia del uso de suelo y la alteración climática sobre cambios en la abundancia de aves de Europa Central. Examinamos el impacto de esos factores mediante el contraste de cambios de abundancia de aves en diferentes hábitats reproductivos, distribución latitudinal y comportamiento migratorio. Examinamos datos semicuantitativos del Atlas de Aves Reproductivas del Lago Constance, en los límites de Alemania, Suiza y Austria. Los cambios en la abundancia regional de 159 especies de aves de 1980–1981 a 2000–2002 fueron influidos por los tres factores. La abundancia de aves en terrenos agrícolas, de especies con rangos septentrionales y de migrantes de larga distancia declinó, mientras que incrementó la de aves de humedales y especies con rangos meridionales. El análisis separado de las dos décadas entre 1980–1981 y 1990–1992 y entre 1990–1992 y 2000–2002 mostró que el impacto del cambio climático incrementó significativamente con el tiempo. La distribución latitudinal no fue significativa en la primera década y fue el predictor más significativo de los cambios en abundancia en la segunda década. Aunque la escala espacial y la resolución temporal de nuestro estudio son limitadas, este es el primer estudio que sugiere que el cambio climático ha sobrepasado a la modificación de uso de suelo en la determinación de tendencias poblacionales de aves en Europa Central.

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570 Biowissenschaften, Biologie
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agricultural intensification, breeding habitat, global climate change, Lake Constance, migratory behavior, population trends, cambio climático global, comportamiento migratorio, hábitat de reproducción, intensificación agrícola, Lago Constance, tendencias poblacionales
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ISO 690LEMOINE, Nicole, Hans-Günther BAUER, Markus PEINTINGER, Katrin BÖHNING-GAESE, 2007. Effects of Climate and Land-Use Change on Species Abundance in a Central European Bird Community. In: Conservation Biology. Wiley-Blackwell. 2007, 21(2), pp. 495-503. ISSN 0888-8892. eISSN 1523-1739. Available under: doi: 10.1111/j.1523-1739.2006.00633.x
BibTex
@article{Lemoine2007-04Effec-50206,
  year={2007},
  doi={10.1111/j.1523-1739.2006.00633.x},
  title={Effects of Climate and Land-Use Change on Species Abundance in a Central European Bird Community},
  number={2},
  volume={21},
  issn={0888-8892},
  journal={Conservation Biology},
  pages={495--503},
  author={Lemoine, Nicole and Bauer, Hans-Günther and Peintinger, Markus and Böhning-Gaese, Katrin}
}
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