Patient-centered communication in type 2 diabetes : The facilitating and constraining factors in clinical encounters

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2019
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Paiva, Dagmara
Azevedo, Ana
Silva, Susana
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Health Services Research. Wiley. 2019, 54(3), pp. 623-635. ISSN 0017-9124. eISSN 1475-6773. Available under: doi: 10.1111/1475-6773.13126
Zusammenfassung

Objective
To explore the perceptions of the constraining and facilitating factors to patient-centered communication in clinical encounters of patients with type 2 diabetes and the providers involved in their care.

Data Sources/Study Setting
Patients (n = 12) and providers (n = 33) involved in diabetes care in northern Portugal.

Study Design
Seven focus groups.

Data Collection/Extraction Methods
Grounded theory, using open, axial, and selective coding.

Principal Findings
Patients focused on the patient-provider relationship, while providers emphasized the constraining factors when exchanging information and the facilitating factors regarding disease and treatment-related behavior. Patients and providers both agreed on some constraints (power imbalance, avoidance of criticism, disease minimization, use of jargon, and insufficient competencies and consistency among providers) and facilitators (seeing patients as persons, providing tailored information in plain language, and recognizing the “wake-up call”). Patients perceived an aggressive attitude as a barrier to communication, but providers perceived it as a facilitator. Patients included issues related to trust, respect, and psychosocial support as important factors to them. Only providers mentioned the influence of macro-level interventions and patients’ socioeconomic position as essential factors.

Conclusions
Improvements in patient-centered communication depend on fostering the patient-provider relationship, patients’ participation and involvement, and training providers’ communication skills.

Zusammenfassung in einer weiteren Sprache
Fachgebiet (DDC)
300 Sozialwissenschaften, Soziologie
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communication, diabetes mellitus, type 2, health personnel, physician-patient relations, patient-centered, patients
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ISO 690PAIVA, Dagmara, Liliana DE ABREU, Ana AZEVEDO, Susana SILVA, 2019. Patient-centered communication in type 2 diabetes : The facilitating and constraining factors in clinical encounters. In: Health Services Research. Wiley. 2019, 54(3), pp. 623-635. ISSN 0017-9124. eISSN 1475-6773. Available under: doi: 10.1111/1475-6773.13126
BibTex
@article{Paiva2019Patie-54551,
  year={2019},
  doi={10.1111/1475-6773.13126},
  title={Patient-centered communication in type 2 diabetes : The facilitating and constraining factors in clinical encounters},
  number={3},
  volume={54},
  issn={0017-9124},
  journal={Health Services Research},
  pages={623--635},
  author={Paiva, Dagmara and de Abreu, Liliana and Azevedo, Ana and Silva, Susana}
}
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