Different Effects of Activity- and Purpose-Related Incentives on Commitment and Well-Being in the Domain of Sports

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Date
2009
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Brunner, Sibylle
Steiner, Marianne
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Athletic Insight ; 1 (2009), 2. - pp. 1-20. - ISSN 1947-6299
Abstract
Incentives play an important role in human motivation (see Beckmann & Heckhausen, 2008). In the present research we used Rheinberg’s (2008) distinction of activity-related incentives (e.g., having fun) and purpose-related incentives (e.g., improved fitness) and investigated the influence of these two types of incentives on commitment and well-being in the domain of sport. Assuming that activity-related incentives have stronger rewarding effects on human behaviour than purpose-related incentives, we hypothesized activity-related incentives to be stronger predictors of sportcommitment and well-being than purpose-related incentives. Study 1 (N = 129) confirmed this hypothesis using a correlational design. In Study 2 (N = 67) we experimentally induced activity- and purpose-related incentives. We found stronger effects of activity-related incentives on sport-commitment and well-being compared to purpose-related incentives.
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796 Sport
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Incentives, commitment, well-being, exercising
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ISO 690SCHÜLER, Julia, Sibylle BRUNNER, Marianne STEINER, 2009. Different Effects of Activity- and Purpose-Related Incentives on Commitment and Well-Being in the Domain of Sports. In: Athletic Insight. 1(2), pp. 1-20. ISSN 1947-6299
BibTex
@article{Schuler2009Diffe-37012,
  year={2009},
  title={Different Effects of Activity- and Purpose-Related Incentives on Commitment and Well-Being in the Domain of Sports},
  number={2},
  volume={1},
  issn={1947-6299},
  journal={Athletic Insight},
  pages={1--20},
  author={Schüler, Julia and Brunner, Sibylle and Steiner, Marianne}
}
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    <dcterms:abstract xml:lang="eng">Incentives play an important role in human motivation (see Beckmann &amp; Heckhausen, 2008). In the present research we used Rheinberg’s (2008) distinction of activity-related incentives (e.g., having fun) and purpose-related incentives (e.g., improved fitness) and investigated the influence of these two types of incentives on commitment and well-being in the domain of sport. Assuming that activity-related incentives have stronger rewarding effects on human behaviour than purpose-related incentives, we hypothesized activity-related incentives to be stronger predictors of sportcommitment and well-being than purpose-related incentives. Study 1 (N = 129) confirmed this hypothesis using a correlational design. In Study 2 (N = 67) we experimentally induced activity- and purpose-related incentives. We found stronger effects of activity-related incentives on sport-commitment and well-being compared to purpose-related incentives.</dcterms:abstract>
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