Niche differentiation between sympatric alien aquatic crustaceans : An isotopic evidence

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Basic and Applied Ecology. 2014, 15(5), pp. 453-463. ISSN 1439-1791. eISSN 1618-0089. Available under: doi: 10.1016/j.baae.2014.07.002
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Among the mechanisms that allow competing species to coexist are resource partitioning and dietary segregation. The current study uses multiple stable isotopes, carbon ( 13C), nitrogen ( 15N) and sulphur ( 34S), to test the hypothesis that dietary segregation in cohabiting invasive mysids (Limnomysis benedeni and Katamysis warpachowskyi) and gammarids (Dikerogammarus villosus and Gammarus roeselii) will be reflected by differences in isotope values. Furthermore, IsoError mixing models were used to estimate the relative contributions of periphyton and seston to the invaders’ diets. Whole tissue 13C, 15N and 34S analysis in L. benedeni and K. warpachowskyi imply that these sympatric, non-native mysids maintain differentiated feeding niches or resource partitioning by feeding on distinct components of the available food resources (predominantly seston by L. benedeni and periphyton by K. warpachowskyi). By contrast, the gammarids D. villosus (‘killer shrimp’) and G. roeselii exhibited no significant difference in 13C and 15N, indicating a considerable overlap between the dietary sources of these sympatric invaders. Feeding niche differentiation, irrespective of season or the nature of habitat invaded (lake or river), might facilitate the coexistence of invasive mysids in their ‘new’ environment by minimizing direct resource competition. The mutual interaction by the invasive gammarids, coupled with voracious behavior, could assist their success at co-invasion with serious implications for local biodiversity including the potential extinction of native species.

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ISO 690ROTHHAUPT, Karl-Otto, Almut J. HANSELMANN, Elizabeth YOHANNES, 2014. Niche differentiation between sympatric alien aquatic crustaceans : An isotopic evidence. In: Basic and Applied Ecology. 2014, 15(5), pp. 453-463. ISSN 1439-1791. eISSN 1618-0089. Available under: doi: 10.1016/j.baae.2014.07.002
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@article{Rothhaupt2014Niche-29028,
  year={2014},
  doi={10.1016/j.baae.2014.07.002},
  title={Niche differentiation between sympatric alien aquatic crustaceans : An isotopic evidence},
  number={5},
  volume={15},
  issn={1439-1791},
  journal={Basic and Applied Ecology},
  pages={453--463},
  author={Rothhaupt, Karl-Otto and Hanselmann, Almut J. and Yohannes, Elizabeth}
}
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