Nucleocytoplasmic transport in apoptosis

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2005
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The apoptotic demolition of the nucleus is accomplished by diverse proapoptotic factors, most of which are activated in the cytoplasm and gain access to the nucleoplasm during the cell death process. The nucleus is also the main target for genotoxic insult, a potent apoptotic trigger. Signals generated in the nucleus by DNA damage have to propagate to all cellular compartments to ensure the coordinated execution of cell demise. The nucleocytoplasmic shuttling of signalling and execution factors is thus an integral part of the apoptotic programme. Several proteins implicated in apoptotic cell death have been shown to migrate in and out of the nucleus following apoptosis induction. This review summarises the current knowledge on nucleocytoplasmic trafficking of apoptosis-relevant proteins. The effects of apoptosis induction on the nucleocytoplasmic transport machinery are also discussed. Finally, a potential role of nuclear transport as a critical control point of the apoptotic signal cascade is proposed.

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ISO 690FERRANDO-MAY, Elisa, 2005. Nucleocytoplasmic transport in apoptosis. In: Cell Death and Differentiation. 2005, 12(10), pp. 1263-1276. ISSN 1350-9047. Available under: doi: 10.1038/sj.cdd.4401626
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@article{FerrandoMay2005-10Nucle-18246,
  year={2005},
  doi={10.1038/sj.cdd.4401626},
  title={Nucleocytoplasmic transport in apoptosis},
  number={10},
  volume={12},
  issn={1350-9047},
  journal={Cell Death and Differentiation},
  pages={1263--1276},
  author={Ferrando-May, Elisa}
}
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    <dcterms:abstract xml:lang="eng">The apoptotic demolition of the nucleus is accomplished by diverse proapoptotic factors, most of which are activated in the cytoplasm and gain access to the nucleoplasm during the cell death process. The nucleus is also the main target for genotoxic insult, a potent apoptotic trigger. Signals generated in the nucleus by DNA damage have to propagate to all cellular compartments to ensure the coordinated execution of cell demise. The nucleocytoplasmic shuttling of signalling and execution factors is thus an integral part of the apoptotic programme. Several proteins implicated in apoptotic cell death have been shown to migrate in and out of the nucleus following apoptosis induction. This review summarises the current knowledge on nucleocytoplasmic trafficking of apoptosis-relevant proteins. The effects of apoptosis induction on the nucleocytoplasmic transport machinery are also discussed. Finally, a potential role of nuclear transport as a critical control point of the apoptotic signal cascade is proposed.</dcterms:abstract>
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