Tuning the growth morphology of gypsum crystals by polymers

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2023
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Cement and Concrete Research. Elsevier. 2023, 164, 107049. ISSN 0008-8846. eISSN 1873-3948. Available under: doi: 10.1016/j.cemconres.2022.107049
Zusammenfassung

True control over the morphology of gypsum crystals formed via homogeneous precipitation from solution has rarely been reported in the literature. In this work, we have tested a large number of dissolved additives (polymers as well as small molecules) with respect to their ability to alter the typical microscopic appearance of precipitated gypsum powders, which is usually characterized by a mixture of single-crystalline needles and twinned plates. Among the many additives studied, a copolymer of vinylpyrrolidone and acrylic acid (PVP-co-PAA) was identified as powerful growth modifier for gypsum already at low concentrations. In both slow titration and rapid mixing experiments, unconventional blocky crystals with tilted stacking edges as well as pseudo-hexagonal plates could be synthesized reproducibly with the help of the copolymer. Systematic characterization revealed the dynamic mode of action of the newly identified growth modifier, which seems to stabilize a highly reactive face of gypsum and promote the formation of macrosteps. The degree of morphological control achieved in this way is unprecedented in the case of calcium sulfate and may devise entirely new concepts for additive design in the areas of plasters and cementitious materials, gypsum wallboard production and/or scale prevention.

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540 Chemie
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General Materials Science, Building and Construction
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ISO 690MADEJA, Benjamin, Jonathan Thomas AVARO, Alexander E.S. VAN DRIESSCHE, Markus RÜCKEL, Elisabeth WAGNER, Helmut CÖLFEN, Matthias KELLERMEIER, 2023. Tuning the growth morphology of gypsum crystals by polymers. In: Cement and Concrete Research. Elsevier. 2023, 164, 107049. ISSN 0008-8846. eISSN 1873-3948. Available under: doi: 10.1016/j.cemconres.2022.107049
BibTex
@article{Madeja2023-02Tunin-66422,
  year={2023},
  doi={10.1016/j.cemconres.2022.107049},
  title={Tuning the growth morphology of gypsum crystals by polymers},
  volume={164},
  issn={0008-8846},
  journal={Cement and Concrete Research},
  author={Madeja, Benjamin and Avaro, Jonathan Thomas and Van Driessche, Alexander E.S. and Rückel, Markus and Wagner, Elisabeth and Cölfen, Helmut and Kellermeier, Matthias},
  note={Article Number: 107049}
}
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