Quantitative Experimental Study on the Transition between Fast and Delayed Coalescence of Sessile Droplets with Different but Completely Miscible Liquids

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2010
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Riegler, Hans
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Langmuir. ACS Publications. 2010, 26(14), pp. 11823-11829. ISSN 0743-7463. eISSN 1520-5827. Available under: doi: 10.1021/la1007457
Zusammenfassung

Quantitative experimental data on the coalescence behavior of sessile droplets with different but completely miscible liquids are presented. The liquids consist of various aqueous mixtures of different nonvolatile diols and carbon acids with surface tensions ranging from 33 to 68 mN/m, contact angles between 9° and 20°, and viscosities from 1 to 12 cP. Two distinctly different coalescence behaviors, a delayed and a fast regime, are found. The transition between the two behaviors is remarkably sharp. It is found that the coalescence mode depends predominantly on the differences in the surface tensions of the two droplets. If the surface tension difference exceeds ∼3 mN/m, the coalescence is delayed. If it is less, droplet fusion occurs fast. Within the investigated parameter space, the transition seems independent from droplet size, absolute values of the surface tensions, and viscosity. Certain aspects of the experimental findings are explained with the simple hydrodynamic model presented in a recent publication.

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530 Physik
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Viscosity, Surface tension, Mixtures, Liquids, Hydrodynamics
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ISO 690KARPITSCHKA, Stefan, Hans RIEGLER, 2010. Quantitative Experimental Study on the Transition between Fast and Delayed Coalescence of Sessile Droplets with Different but Completely Miscible Liquids. In: Langmuir. ACS Publications. 2010, 26(14), pp. 11823-11829. ISSN 0743-7463. eISSN 1520-5827. Available under: doi: 10.1021/la1007457
BibTex
@article{Karpitschka2010Quant-67109,
  year={2010},
  doi={10.1021/la1007457},
  title={Quantitative Experimental Study on the Transition between Fast and Delayed Coalescence of Sessile Droplets with Different but Completely Miscible Liquids},
  number={14},
  volume={26},
  issn={0743-7463},
  journal={Langmuir},
  pages={11823--11829},
  author={Karpitschka, Stefan and Riegler, Hans}
}
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