Phosphitispora fastidiosa gen. nov. sp. nov., a new dissimilatory phosphite-oxidizing anaerobic bacterium isolated from anaerobic sewage sludge

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2021
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A new strictly anaerobic bacterium, strain DYL19T, was enriched and isolated with phosphite as the sole electron donor and CO2 as a single carbon source and electron acceptor from anaerobic sewage sludge sampled at a sewage treatment plant in Constance, Germany. It is a Gram-positive, spore-forming, slightly curved, rod-shaped bacterium which oxidizes phosphite to phosphate while reducing CO2 to biomass and small amounts of acetate. Optimal growth is observed at 30 °C, pH 7.2, with a doubling time of 3 days. Beyond phosphite, no further inorganic or organic electron donor can be used, and no other electron acceptor than CO2 is reduced. Sulphate inhibits growth with phosphite and CO2. The G+C content is 45.95 mol%, and dimethylmenaquinone-7 is the only quinone detectable in the cells. On the basis of 16S rRNA gene sequence analysis and other chemotaxonomic properties, strain DYL19T is described as the type strain of a new genus and species, Phosphitispora fastidiosa gen. nov., sp. nov.

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570 Biowissenschaften, Biologie
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Phosphitispora fastidiosa gen. nov., sp. nov, phosphite oxidation, sporulation
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ISO 690MAO, Zhuqing, Fabian GRÄSSLE, Jasmin FREY, Paolo FRANCHINI, David SCHLEHECK, Nicolai MÜLLER, Bernhard SCHINK, 2021. Phosphitispora fastidiosa gen. nov. sp. nov., a new dissimilatory phosphite-oxidizing anaerobic bacterium isolated from anaerobic sewage sludge. In: International Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Microbiology. Microbiology Society. 2021, 71(12), 005142. ISSN 1466-5026. eISSN 1466-5034. Available under: doi: 10.1099/ijsem.0.005142
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@article{Mao2021-12Phosp-55954,
  year={2021},
  doi={10.1099/ijsem.0.005142},
  title={Phosphitispora fastidiosa gen. nov. sp. nov., a new dissimilatory phosphite-oxidizing anaerobic bacterium isolated from anaerobic sewage sludge},
  number={12},
  volume={71},
  issn={1466-5026},
  journal={International Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Microbiology},
  author={Mao, Zhuqing and Gräßle, Fabian and Frey, Jasmin and Franchini, Paolo and Schleheck, David and Müller, Nicolai and Schink, Bernhard},
  note={Article Number: 005142}
}
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