The dark and the bright sides of proactive work behaviour and situational constraints : Longitudinal relationships with task conflicts

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2011
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We investigated relationships of a job stressor (situational constraints) and specific proactive behaviours with change in task conflicts over time. We introduced two distinct types of proactive work behaviour (promotion-oriented initiative and prevention-oriented initiative) and examined their positive but also negative relationships with change in task conflicts. Study 1 supported the construct validity of promotion-oriented initiative and prevention-oriented initiative for 363 student assistants: Confirmatory factor analyses indicated that both types of proactive behaviour were distinct constructs and also distinct from active coping; patterns of correlations were similar to those of a prior concept of proactive behaviour. Study 2 was a longitudinal online survey with 197 employees over 3 weeks. Consistent with our hypotheses, situational constraints and promotion-oriented initiative predicted an increase in task conflicts, whereas prevention-oriented initiative predicted a decrease in task conflicts.

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150 Psychologie
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Hindrance stressors, Prevention-oriented initiative, Proactive behaviour, Promotion-oriented initiative, Situational constraints, Task conflicts
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ISO 690SPYCHALA, Anne, Sabine SONNENTAG, 2011. The dark and the bright sides of proactive work behaviour and situational constraints : Longitudinal relationships with task conflicts. In: European Journal of Work and Organizational Psychology. Psychology Press, Taylor & Francis Group. 2011, 20(5), pp. 654-680. ISSN 1359-432X. eISSN 1464-0643. Available under: doi: 10.1080/1359432X.2010.487646
BibTex
@article{Spychala2011-10brigh-51023,
  year={2011},
  doi={10.1080/1359432X.2010.487646},
  title={The dark and the bright sides of proactive work behaviour and situational constraints : Longitudinal relationships with task conflicts},
  number={5},
  volume={20},
  issn={1359-432X},
  journal={European Journal of Work and Organizational Psychology},
  pages={654--680},
  author={Spychala, Anne and Sonnentag, Sabine}
}
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