Negative and Positive Confinement Effects in Chiral Separation Chromatography Monitored with Molecular-Scale Precision by In-Situ Electron Paramagnetic Resonance Techniques

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Langmuir ; 33 (2017), 43. - pp. 11968-11976. - ISSN 0743-7463. - eISSN 1520-5827
Abstract
Separation of compounds using liquid chromatography is a process of enormous technological importance. This is true in particular for chiral substances, when one enantiomer has the desired set of properties and the other one may be harmful. The degree of development in liquid chromatography is extremely high, but still there is a lack in understanding based on experimental data how selectivity works on a molecular level directly at the surfaces of a porous host material. We have prepared amino-acid containing organosilica as such host materials. Watching the rotational dynamics of chiral spin probes using electron paramagnetic resonance spectroscopy allows us to differentiate between surface adsorbed and free guest species. Diastereotopic selectivity factors were determined, and the influence of chiral surface group density, chemical character of the surface groups, pore-size, and temperature was investigated. We found higher selectivity values in macroporous solids with a rather rigid organosilica network and at lower temperature, indicating the significant effect of confinement effects. In mesoporous materials features are opposed with regards to the T-dependent behavior. From EPR imaging techniques and the resulting (macroscopic) diffusion coefficients, we could confirm that the correlations found on the microscopic level transform also to the macroscopic behavior. Thus, our study is of value for the development of future chromatography materials by design.
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ISO 690WESSIG, Martin, Martin SPITZBARTH, Alexander KLAIBER, Malte DRESCHER, Sebastian POLARZ, 2017. Negative and Positive Confinement Effects in Chiral Separation Chromatography Monitored with Molecular-Scale Precision by In-Situ Electron Paramagnetic Resonance Techniques. In: Langmuir. 33(43), pp. 11968-11976. ISSN 0743-7463. eISSN 1520-5827. Available under: doi: 10.1021/acs.langmuir.7b02713
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@article{Wessig2017-10-31Negat-40678,
  year={2017},
  doi={10.1021/acs.langmuir.7b02713},
  title={Negative and Positive Confinement Effects in Chiral Separation Chromatography Monitored with Molecular-Scale Precision by In-Situ Electron Paramagnetic Resonance Techniques},
  number={43},
  volume={33},
  issn={0743-7463},
  journal={Langmuir},
  pages={11968--11976},
  author={Wessig, Martin and Spitzbarth, Martin and Klaiber, Alexander and Drescher, Malte and Polarz, Sebastian}
}
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