Self-organization in dipolar cube fluids constrained by competing anisotropies

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2018
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Rossi, Laura
Donaldson, Joe G
Petukhov, Andrei V.
Kleckner, Dustin
Kantorovich, Sofia S
Irvine, William T M
Philipse, Albert P.
Sacanna, Stefano
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For magnetite spherical nanoparticles, the orientation of the dipole moment in the crystal does not affect the morphology of either zero field or field induced structures. For non-spherical particles however, an interplay between particle shape and direction of the magnetic moment can give rise to unusual behaviors, in particular when the moment is not aligned along a particle symmetry axis. Here we disclose for the first time the unique magnetic properties of hematite cubic particles and show the exact orientation of the cubes' dipole moment. Using a combination of experiments and computer simulations, we show that dipolar hematite cubes self-organize into dipolar chains with morphologies remarkably different from those of spheres, and demonstrate that the emergence of these structures is driven by competing anisotropic interactions caused by the particles' shape anisotropy and their fixed dipole moment. Furthermore, we have analytically identified a specific interplay between energy, and entropy at the microscopic level and found that an unorthodox entropic contribution mediates the organization of particles into the kinked nature of the dipolar chains.

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ISO 690ROSSI, Laura, Joe G DONALDSON, Janne-Mieke MEIJER, Andrei V. PETUKHOV, Dustin KLECKNER, Sofia S KANTOROVICH, William T M IRVINE, Albert P. PHILIPSE, Stefano SACANNA, 2018. Self-organization in dipolar cube fluids constrained by competing anisotropies. In: Soft matter. 2018, 14(7), pp. 1080-1087. ISSN 1744-683X. eISSN 1744-6848. Available under: doi: 10.1039/c7sm02174g
BibTex
@article{Rossi2018Selfo-42278,
  year={2018},
  doi={10.1039/c7sm02174g},
  title={Self-organization in dipolar cube fluids constrained by competing anisotropies},
  number={7},
  volume={14},
  issn={1744-683X},
  journal={Soft matter},
  pages={1080--1087},
  author={Rossi, Laura and Donaldson, Joe G and Meijer, Janne-Mieke and Petukhov, Andrei V. and Kleckner, Dustin and Kantorovich, Sofia S and Irvine, William T M and Philipse, Albert P. and Sacanna, Stefano}
}
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