Temporal solitons in free-space femtosecond enhancement cavities

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2019
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Lilienfein, Nikolai
Hofer, Christina
Högner, Maximilian
Saule, Tobias
Trubetskov, Michael
Pervak, Volodymyr
Fill, Ernst
Pupeza, Ioachim
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Temporal dissipative solitons in nonlinear optical resonators are self-compressed, self-stabilizing and indefinitely circulating wave packets. Owing to these properties, they have been harnessed for the generation of ultrashort pulses and frequency combs in active and passive laser architectures, including mode-locked lasers1,2,3,4, passive fibre resonators5 and microresonators6,7,8,9,10,11. Here, we demonstrate the formation of temporal dissipative solitons in a free-space enhancement cavity with a Kerr nonlinearity and a spectrally tailored finesse. By locking a 100-MHz-repetition-rate train of 350-fs, 1,035-nm pulses to this cavity-soliton state, we generate a 37-fs sech²-shaped pulse with a peak-power enhancement of 3,200, which exhibits low-frequency intensity-noise suppression. The power scalability unique to free-space cavities, the unprecedented combination of peak-power enhancement and temporal compression, and the cavity-soliton-specific noise filtering attest to the vast potential of this platform of optical solitons for applications including spatiotemporal filtering and compression of ultrashort pulses and cavity-enhanced nonlinear frequency conversion.

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ISO 690LILIENFEIN, Nikolai, Christina HOFER, Maximilian HÖGNER, Tobias SAULE, Michael TRUBETSKOV, Volodymyr PERVAK, Ernst FILL, Claudius RIEK, Alfred LEITENSTORFER, Ioachim PUPEZA, 2019. Temporal solitons in free-space femtosecond enhancement cavities. In: Nature Photonics. 2019, 13(3), pp. 214-218. ISSN 1749-4885. eISSN 1749-4893. Available under: doi: 10.1038/s41566-018-0341-y
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@article{Lilienfein2019-03Tempo-45350,
  year={2019},
  doi={10.1038/s41566-018-0341-y},
  title={Temporal solitons in free-space femtosecond enhancement cavities},
  number={3},
  volume={13},
  issn={1749-4885},
  journal={Nature Photonics},
  pages={214--218},
  author={Lilienfein, Nikolai and Hofer, Christina and Högner, Maximilian and Saule, Tobias and Trubetskov, Michael and Pervak, Volodymyr and Fill, Ernst and Riek, Claudius and Leitenstorfer, Alfred and Pupeza, Ioachim}
}
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