Vocational Training in Small Firms in Germany : The Contribution of the Craft Sector

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One of the traits which distinguish the German dual system of vocational education and training (VET) from most training systems in the world is the voluntary contribution of companies towards it, in both practical and financial terms. Obviously, the craft sector is a training segment within the dual system where the importance of practical experience is more strongly emphasised than the systematic approach underlying all modern training schemes. However, the overall supply of training placements in the German system decreased during the 1990s. Although the crafts have fared comparatively well, this tendency is now starting to also affect the sector. Being a sector with seemingly less attractive job prospects in small businesses and a comparatively low net cost per apprenticeship, the crafts face problems in terms of social selection as well as challenges with respect to the modernisation of training contents and instruction methods. The crafts are a sector with predominantly male participation and mainly absorb school leavers with lower secondary school qualifications. In this context, one of the questions for the Dual System and its uniform training practices might be whether the rapidly expanding services sector, with similar “small‐business” features, will be able or willing to follow the “training philosophy” that originated in the craft sector – and which is still seen as the “backbone” of the German Dual System of training.

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330 Wirtschaft
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Vocational training, Small business, Germany
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ISO 690DEISSINGER, Thomas, 2001. Vocational Training in Small Firms in Germany : The Contribution of the Craft Sector. In: Education + Training. 2001, 43(8/9), pp. 426-436. ISSN 0040-0912. eISSN 1758-6127. Available under: doi: 10.1108/00400910110411044
BibTex
@article{Deiinger2001Vocat-34338,
  year={2001},
  doi={10.1108/00400910110411044},
  title={Vocational Training in Small Firms in Germany : The Contribution of the Craft Sector},
  number={8/9},
  volume={43},
  issn={0040-0912},
  journal={Education + Training},
  pages={426--436},
  author={Deißinger, Thomas}
}
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