An immune challenge reduces social grooming in vampire bats

Lade...
Vorschaubild
Dateien
Zu diesem Dokument gibt es keine Dateien.
Datum
2018
Autor:innen
Bolnick, Daniel I.
Page, Rachel A.
Herausgeber:innen
Kontakt
ISSN der Zeitschrift
Electronic ISSN
ISBN
Bibliografische Daten
Verlag
Schriftenreihe
Auflagebezeichnung
URI (zitierfähiger Link)
ArXiv-ID
Internationale Patentnummer
Angaben zur Forschungsförderung
Projekt
Open Access-Veröffentlichung
Sammlungen
Core Facility der Universität Konstanz
Gesperrt bis
Titel in einer weiteren Sprache
Forschungsvorhaben
Organisationseinheiten
Zeitschriftenheft
Publikationstyp
Zeitschriftenartikel
Publikationsstatus
Published
Erschienen in
Animal Behaviour. 2018, 140, pp. 141-149. ISSN 0003-3472. eISSN 1095-8282. Available under: doi: 10.1016/j.anbehav.2018.04.021
Zusammenfassung

Social interactions affect the transmission of many pathogens, but infections often induce sickness behaviours that alter those interactions. Vampire bats are highly mobile and social, engaging in frequent allogrooming, which is likely to facilitate pathogen spread. Sickness behaviour is known to reduce social associations, but the effect on physical interactions between associated individuals, such as grooming, is less understood. Here, we tested the effects of induced sickness behaviour on allogrooming in vampire bats, while holding association between individuals in groups constant. To experimentally induce sickness behaviour, we used injections of lipopolysaccharide (LPS) and saline controls in 13 female common vampire bats, Desmodus rotundus, housed in stable groups of two to four adult bats. LPS injection induced an immune response that mimicked illness. Circulating leukocytes and neutrophil:lymphocyte ratios increased, while body mass and activity decreased. While LPS-injected bats did not receive less grooming from their group mates, they dramatically reduced the amount that they groomed their partners. This reduction in social interactions illustrates that sickness behaviour can potentially change transmission rates by altering directed behaviours, even under conditions of constant close proximity. The ability to manipulate social behaviours under controlled conditions should also prove useful for experiments attempting to test mechanisms underlying cooperation.

Zusammenfassung in einer weiteren Sprache
Fachgebiet (DDC)
570 Biowissenschaften, Biologie
Schlagwörter
allogrooming, disease transmission, lipopolysaccharide, sickness behaviour, social network, sociality
Konferenz
Rezension
undefined / . - undefined, undefined
Zitieren
ISO 690STOCKMAIER, Sebastian, Daniel I. BOLNICK, Rachel A. PAGE, Gerald G. CARTER, 2018. An immune challenge reduces social grooming in vampire bats. In: Animal Behaviour. 2018, 140, pp. 141-149. ISSN 0003-3472. eISSN 1095-8282. Available under: doi: 10.1016/j.anbehav.2018.04.021
BibTex
@article{Stockmaier2018-06immun-42854,
  year={2018},
  doi={10.1016/j.anbehav.2018.04.021},
  title={An immune challenge reduces social grooming in vampire bats},
  volume={140},
  issn={0003-3472},
  journal={Animal Behaviour},
  pages={141--149},
  author={Stockmaier, Sebastian and Bolnick, Daniel I. and Page, Rachel A. and Carter, Gerald G.}
}
RDF
<rdf:RDF
    xmlns:dcterms="http://purl.org/dc/terms/"
    xmlns:dc="http://purl.org/dc/elements/1.1/"
    xmlns:rdf="http://www.w3.org/1999/02/22-rdf-syntax-ns#"
    xmlns:bibo="http://purl.org/ontology/bibo/"
    xmlns:dspace="http://digital-repositories.org/ontologies/dspace/0.1.0#"
    xmlns:foaf="http://xmlns.com/foaf/0.1/"
    xmlns:void="http://rdfs.org/ns/void#"
    xmlns:xsd="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema#" > 
  <rdf:Description rdf:about="https://kops.uni-konstanz.de/server/rdf/resource/123456789/42854">
    <dc:date rdf:datatype="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema#dateTime">2018-07-13T09:05:00Z</dc:date>
    <foaf:homepage rdf:resource="http://localhost:8080/"/>
    <dc:creator>Page, Rachel A.</dc:creator>
    <dc:creator>Bolnick, Daniel I.</dc:creator>
    <dc:contributor>Stockmaier, Sebastian</dc:contributor>
    <dc:contributor>Page, Rachel A.</dc:contributor>
    <dcterms:issued>2018-06</dcterms:issued>
    <dspace:isPartOfCollection rdf:resource="https://kops.uni-konstanz.de/server/rdf/resource/123456789/28"/>
    <dc:creator>Carter, Gerald G.</dc:creator>
    <void:sparqlEndpoint rdf:resource="http://localhost/fuseki/dspace/sparql"/>
    <bibo:uri rdf:resource="https://kops.uni-konstanz.de/handle/123456789/42854"/>
    <dc:contributor>Carter, Gerald G.</dc:contributor>
    <dcterms:title>An immune challenge reduces social grooming in vampire bats</dcterms:title>
    <dcterms:available rdf:datatype="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema#dateTime">2018-07-13T09:05:00Z</dcterms:available>
    <dc:creator>Stockmaier, Sebastian</dc:creator>
    <dcterms:isPartOf rdf:resource="https://kops.uni-konstanz.de/server/rdf/resource/123456789/28"/>
    <dcterms:abstract xml:lang="eng">Social interactions affect the transmission of many pathogens, but infections often induce sickness behaviours that alter those interactions. Vampire bats are highly mobile and social, engaging in frequent allogrooming, which is likely to facilitate pathogen spread. Sickness behaviour is known to reduce social associations, but the effect on physical interactions between associated individuals, such as grooming, is less understood. Here, we tested the effects of induced sickness behaviour on allogrooming in vampire bats, while holding association between individuals in groups constant. To experimentally induce sickness behaviour, we used injections of lipopolysaccharide (LPS) and saline controls in 13 female common vampire bats, Desmodus rotundus, housed in stable groups of two to four adult bats. LPS injection induced an immune response that mimicked illness. Circulating leukocytes and neutrophil:lymphocyte ratios increased, while body mass and activity decreased. While LPS-injected bats did not receive less grooming from their group mates, they dramatically reduced the amount that they groomed their partners. This reduction in social interactions illustrates that sickness behaviour can potentially change transmission rates by altering directed behaviours, even under conditions of constant close proximity. The ability to manipulate social behaviours under controlled conditions should also prove useful for experiments attempting to test mechanisms underlying cooperation.</dcterms:abstract>
    <dc:language>eng</dc:language>
    <dc:contributor>Bolnick, Daniel I.</dc:contributor>
  </rdf:Description>
</rdf:RDF>
Interner Vermerk
xmlui.Submission.submit.DescribeStep.inputForms.label.kops_note_fromSubmitter
Kontakt
URL der Originalveröffentl.
Prüfdatum der URL
Prüfungsdatum der Dissertation
Finanzierungsart
Kommentar zur Publikation
Allianzlizenz
Corresponding Authors der Uni Konstanz vorhanden
Internationale Co-Autor:innen
Universitätsbibliographie
Begutachtet
Ja
Diese Publikation teilen