Critical Uncertainties and Gaps in the Environmental- and Social-Impact Assessment of the Proposed Interoceanic Canal through Nicaragua

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2016
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Huete-Pérez, Jorge A.
Ortega-Hegg, Manuel
Urquhart, Gerald R.
Covich, Alan P.
Vammen, Katherine
Rittmann, Bruce E.
Miranda, Julio C.
Alvarez, Pedro J. J.
et al.
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Zusammenfassung

The proposed interoceanic canal will connect the Caribbean Sea with the Pacific Ocean, traversing Lake Nicaragua, the major freshwater reservoir in Central America. If completed, the canal would be the largest infrastructure-related excavation project on Earth. In November 2015, the Nicaraguan government approved an environmental and social impact assessment (ESIA) for the canal. A group of international experts participated in a workshop organized by the Academy of Sciences of Nicaragua to review this ESIA. The group concluded that the ESIA does not meet international standards; essential information is lacking regarding the potential impacts on the lake, freshwater and marine environments, and biodiversity. The ESIA presents an inadequate assessment of natural hazards and socioeconomic disruptions. The panel recommends that work on the canal project be suspended until an appropriate ESIA is completed. The project should be resumed only if it is demonstrated to be economically feasible, environmentally acceptable, and socially beneficial.

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570 Biowissenschaften, Biologie
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Nicaragua, interoceanic canal, environmental impacts, social impacts, Lake Nicaragua
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ISO 690HUETE-PÉREZ, Jorge A., Manuel ORTEGA-HEGG, Gerald R. URQUHART, Alan P. COVICH, Katherine VAMMEN, Bruce E. RITTMANN, Julio C. MIRANDA, Andreas HÄRER, Axel MEYER, Pedro J. J. ALVAREZ, 2016. Critical Uncertainties and Gaps in the Environmental- and Social-Impact Assessment of the Proposed Interoceanic Canal through Nicaragua. In: BioScience. 2016, 66(8), pp. 632-645. ISSN 0006-3568. eISSN 1525-3244. Available under: doi: 10.1093/biosci/biw064
BibTex
@article{HuetePerez2016-06-02Criti-35385,
  year={2016},
  doi={10.1093/biosci/biw064},
  title={Critical Uncertainties and Gaps in the Environmental- and Social-Impact Assessment of the Proposed Interoceanic Canal through Nicaragua},
  number={8},
  volume={66},
  issn={0006-3568},
  journal={BioScience},
  pages={632--645},
  author={Huete-Pérez, Jorge A. and Ortega-Hegg, Manuel and Urquhart, Gerald R. and Covich, Alan P. and Vammen, Katherine and Rittmann, Bruce E. and Miranda, Julio C. and Härer, Andreas and Meyer, Axel and Alvarez, Pedro J. J.}
}
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