Mechanical Resonators in the Middle of an Optical Cavity

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2014
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Favero, Ivan
Sankey, Jack
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Cavity optomechanics : nano- and micromechanical resonators interacting with light / Aspelmeyer, Markus et al. (ed.). - Berlin [u.a.] : Springer, 2014. - pp. 83-119. - ISBN 978-3-642-55311-0
Abstract
The interaction of light with mechanical motion has generated a burst of interest in recent years [1–4] from fundamental questions on the quantum motion of solid objects to novel engineering concepts for sensing and optical devices. This interest was originally inspired by experimental geometries in which a mechanically compliant object acts as the back mirror of Fabry-Perot cavity. In order to maintain a stable, high-finesse cavity with this geometry, the mechanical element’s transverse dimensions must be larger than the photon’s wavelength and its thickness sufficient to create an appreciable reflectivity. This places a lower bound on the mass of the mechanical object, limiting the effect of individual photons. Here we explore a complementary set of geometries in which a nanomechanical element or a very thin membrane is positioned within a high-finesse, rigid optical cavity. This geometry (inspired by the success of cavity quantum electrodynamics experiments with atoms) extends Fabry-Perot-based optomechanics to smaller / sub-wavelength mechanical elements. The added complexity associated with inserting a third (movable) scatterer also affords a new set of opportunities: in addition to reproducing the physics of a two-mirror optomechanical system, several “non-standard” types of linear and non-linear optomechanical couples can be generated. Combined with the diverse set of comparatively lightweight mechanical elements that can be inserted into a cavity, this geometry offers a high degree of optomechanical versatility for potential sensing and quantum information applications.
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ISO 690FAVERO, Ivan, Jack SANKEY, Eva M. WEIG, 2014. Mechanical Resonators in the Middle of an Optical Cavity. In: ASPELMEYER, Markus, ed. and others. Cavity optomechanics : nano- and micromechanical resonators interacting with light. Berlin [u.a.]:Springer, pp. 83-119. ISBN 978-3-642-55311-0. Available under: doi: 10.1007/978-3-642-55312-7_5
BibTex
@incollection{Favero2014Mecha-33210,
  year={2014},
  doi={10.1007/978-3-642-55312-7_5},
  title={Mechanical Resonators in the Middle of an Optical Cavity},
  isbn={978-3-642-55311-0},
  publisher={Springer},
  address={Berlin [u.a.]},
  booktitle={Cavity optomechanics : nano- and micromechanical resonators interacting with light},
  pages={83--119},
  editor={Aspelmeyer, Markus},
  author={Favero, Ivan and Sankey, Jack and Weig, Eva M.}
}
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