Rapid evolution of hosts begets species diversity at the cost of intraspecific diversity

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2017
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Frickel, Jens
Theodosiou, Loukas
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Ecosystems are complex food webs in which multiple species interact and ecological and evolutionary processes continuously shape populations and communities. Previous studies on eco-evolutionary dynamics have shown that the presence of intraspecific diversity affects community structure and function, and that eco-evolutionary feedback dynamics can be an important driver for its maintenance. Within communities, feedbacks are, however, often indirect, and they can feed back over many generations. Here, we studied eco-evolutionary feedbacks in evolving communities over many generations and compared two-species systems (virus-host and prey-predator) with a more complex three-species system (virus-host-predator). Both indirect density- and trait-mediated effects drove the dynamics in the complex system, where host-virus coevolution facilitated coexistence of predator and virus, and where coexistence, in return, lowered intraspecific diversity of the host population. Furthermore, ecological and evolutionary dynamics were significantly altered in the three-species system compared with the two-species systems. We found that the predator slowed host-virus coevolution in the complex system and that the virus' effect on the overall population dynamics was negligible when the three species coexisted. Overall, we show that a detailed understanding of the mechanism driving eco-evolutionary feedback dynamics is necessary for explaining trait and species diversity in communities, even in communities with only three species.

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570 Biowissenschaften, Biologie
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eco-evolutionary dynamics, evolving community, rotifer, virus, Chlorella
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ISO 690FRICKEL, Jens, Loukas THEODOSIOU, Lutz BECKS, 2017. Rapid evolution of hosts begets species diversity at the cost of intraspecific diversity. In: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America (PNAS). 2017, 114(42), pp. 11193-11198. ISSN 0027-8424. eISSN 1091-6490. Available under: doi: 10.1073/pnas.1701845114
BibTex
@article{Frickel2017Rapid-45697,
  year={2017},
  doi={10.1073/pnas.1701845114},
  title={Rapid evolution of hosts begets species diversity at the cost of intraspecific diversity},
  number={42},
  volume={114},
  issn={0027-8424},
  journal={Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America (PNAS)},
  pages={11193--11198},
  author={Frickel, Jens and Theodosiou, Loukas and Becks, Lutz}
}
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