Meta-analysis in a digitalized world: A step-by-step primer

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2024
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Behavior Research Methods. Springer Science and Business Media LLC. eISSN 1554-3528. Verfügbar unter: doi: 10.3758/s13428-024-02374-8
Zusammenfassung

In recent years, much research and many data sources have become digital. Some advantages of digital or Internet-based research, compared to traditional lab research (e.g., comprehensive data collection and storage, availability of data) are ideal for an improved meta-analyses approach.In the meantime, in meta-analyses research, different types of meta-analyses have been developed to provide research syntheses with accurate quantitative estimations. Due to its rich and unique palette of corrections, we recommend to using the Schmidt and Hunter approach for meta-analyses in a digitalized world. Our primer shows in a step-by-step fashion how to conduct a high quality meta-analysis considering digital data and highlights the most obvious pitfalls (e.g., using only a bare-bones meta-analysis, no data comparison) not only in aggregation of the data, but also in the literature search and coding procedure which are essential steps in any meta-analysis. Thus, this primer of meta-analyses is especially suited for a situation where much of future research is headed to: digital research. To map Internet-based research and to reveal any research gap, we further synthesize meta-analyses on Internet-based research (15 articles containing 24 different meta-analyses, on 745 studies, with 1,601 effect sizes), resulting in the first mega meta-analysis of the field. We found a lack of individual participant data (e.g., age and nationality). Hence, we provide a primer for high-quality meta-analyses and mega meta-analyses that applies to much of coming research and also basic hands-on knowledge to conduct or judge the quality of a meta-analyses in a digitalized world.

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150 Psychologie
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Meta-analysis, Overview, Research synthesis, Internet-based research, Mega-analysis, Digital research
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ISO 690KAUFMANN, Esther, Ulf-Dietrich REIPS, 2024. Meta-analysis in a digitalized world: A step-by-step primer. In: Behavior Research Methods. Springer Science and Business Media LLC. eISSN 1554-3528. Verfügbar unter: doi: 10.3758/s13428-024-02374-8
BibTex
@article{Kaufmann2024-04-04Metaa-69800,
  year={2024},
  doi={10.3758/s13428-024-02374-8},
  title={Meta-analysis in a digitalized world: A step-by-step primer},
  journal={Behavior Research Methods},
  author={Kaufmann, Esther and Reips, Ulf-Dietrich}
}
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