Emotional signals in nonverbal interaction : dyadic facilitation and convergence in expressions, appraisals, and feelings

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2012
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Dosmukhambetova, Dina
Nerb, Josef
Manstead, Antony S. R.
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Cognition & Emotion. 2012, 26(3), pp. 480-502. ISSN 0269-9931. eISSN 1464-0600. Available under: doi: 10.1080/02699931.2011.645280
Zusammenfassung

Emotional signals in nonverbal interaction: We examined social facilitation and emotional convergence in amusement, sadness, and fear in dynamic interactions. Dyads of friends or strangers jointly watched emotion-eliciting films while they either could or could not communicate nonverbally. We assessed three components of each emotion (expressions, appraisals, and feelings), as well as attention to and social motives toward the co-participant. In Study 1, participants interacted through a mute videoconference. In Study 2, they sat next to each other and either were or were not separated by a partition. Results revealed that facilitation and convergence are not uniform across different emotions and emotion components. Particularly strong supporting patterns emerged for the facilitation of and convergence in smiling. When direct interaction was possible (Study 2), friends showed a general tendency for strong convergence, with the exception of fear-related appraisals. This suggests that underlying processes of emotional contagion and social appraisal are differentially relevant for different emotions.

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Fachgebiet (DDC)
150 Psychologie
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dyadic interaction, emotional convergence, emotional contagion, social appraisal, facial mimicry, interpersonal relationships
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ISO 690BRUDER, Martin, Dina DOSMUKHAMBETOVA, Josef NERB, Antony S. R. MANSTEAD, 2012. Emotional signals in nonverbal interaction : dyadic facilitation and convergence in expressions, appraisals, and feelings. In: Cognition & Emotion. 2012, 26(3), pp. 480-502. ISSN 0269-9931. eISSN 1464-0600. Available under: doi: 10.1080/02699931.2011.645280
BibTex
@article{Bruder2012Emoti-18911,
  year={2012},
  doi={10.1080/02699931.2011.645280},
  title={Emotional signals in nonverbal interaction : dyadic facilitation and convergence in expressions, appraisals, and feelings},
  number={3},
  volume={26},
  issn={0269-9931},
  journal={Cognition & Emotion},
  pages={480--502},
  author={Bruder, Martin and Dosmukhambetova, Dina and Nerb, Josef and Manstead, Antony S. R.}
}
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