Будущее время и глагольный вид : под влиянием языкового контакта в славянских микроязыках италии

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Titel in einer weiteren Sprache
Future Tense and Verbal Aspect under the Influence of Language Contact in the Slavic Micro-languages of Italy
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Revue des Études Slaves. Institut d'Etudes Slaves et le Centre d'Études Slaves. 2020, XCI(4), pp. 455-470. ISSN 0080-2557. eISSN 2117-718X. Available under: doi: 10.4000/res.4058
Zusammenfassung

The present paper deals with a comparison of the grammatical means of expression of future events in two Slavic micro-languages in Italy: Croatian-based Molise Slavic in the south and Slovene-based Resian in the north-east. Both minority vernaculars have been influenced by their Romance contact varieties, for example, in forming additional modally differentiated future grammemes, based mainly on Italian models, as well as in using the present perfect as a future perfect. Nevertheless, there are also clear differences between the two micro-languages, explicable, in part, by the different auxiliaries for expressing their traditional future: “to want” vs. “to be.” The role of verbal aspect, temporal concord, and modality are discussed in some detail. For example, Molise Slavic uses the conditional as a future in the past. The two micro-languages express the de-obligative future by means of different auxiliaries, contrasting, however in each case with the auxiliary used for epistemic statements.

Zusammenfassung in einer weiteren Sprache

L’article compare les moyens grammaticaux d’expression du futur dans deux microlangues en Italie : le slave molisan de base croate au sud et le résian de base slovène au nord-est. Ces langues minoritaires ont été influencées toutes les deux par leurs contacts avec une langue romane en formant, par exemple, des grammèmes futurs supplémentaires, opposés sur le plan modal et correspondant en majeure partie aux modèles italiens, ou en employant le parfait pour exprimer le futur antérieur. Cependant on trouve aussi des différences nettes entre les deux microlangues, qui s’expliquent partiellement par des auxiliaires différents pour exprimer le futur : « vouloir » contre « être ». Nous nous intéressons au rôle de l’aspect verbal, de la concordance des temps et de la modalité. Par exemple, seul le slave molisan emploie le conditionnel en tant que futur du prétérit. Les deux microlangues expriment le futur obligatif avec des auxiliaires différents, mais exactement contraires, dans chaque cas, à l’auxiliaire caractéristique des énoncés épistémiques.

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400 Sprachwissenschaft, Linguistik
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ISO 690BREU, Walter, Malinka PILA, 2020. Будущее время и глагольный вид : под влиянием языкового контакта в славянских микроязыках италии. In: Revue des Études Slaves. Institut d'Etudes Slaves et le Centre d'Études Slaves. 2020, XCI(4), pp. 455-470. ISSN 0080-2557. eISSN 2117-718X. Available under: doi: 10.4000/res.4058
BibTex
@article{Breu2020-55342,
  year={2020},
  doi={10.4000/res.4058},
  title={Будущее время и глагольный вид : под влиянием языкового контакта в славянских микроязыках италии},
  number={4},
  volume={XCI},
  issn={0080-2557},
  journal={Revue des Études Slaves},
  pages={455--470},
  author={Breu, Walter and Pila, Malinka},
  note={Titel in französischer Sprache: Futur et aspect verbal : l’influence du contact linguistique dans les microlangues slaves de l’Italie}
}
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Titel in französischer Sprache: Futur et aspect verbal : l’influence du contact linguistique dans les microlangues slaves de l’Italie
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