Developments Into and Out of Ergativity : Indo-Aryan Diachrony

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2017
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Deo, Ashwini
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COON, Jessica, ed., Diane MASSAM, ed., Lisa Demena TRAVIS, ed.. The Oxford handbook of ergativity. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2017, pp. 530-552. ISBN 978-0-19-873937-1. Available under: doi: 10.1093/oxfordhb/9780198739371.013.22
Zusammenfassung

This chapter takes a close look at ergativity in Indo-Aryan, the only language family for which we have a continuous attested record for over three thousand years. Old Indo-Aryan did not have an over ergative case whereas many of the New Indo-Aryan languages do. It tracks the diachronic trajectory of a result-stative construction from Old Indo-Aryan to its reanalysis as an ergative construction in Middle Indo-Aryan and explore the variation found in further developments in New Indo-Aryan languages, wherein several languages lose aspects of the ergative system, or innovate morphological material to reinforce the structural pattern. We discuss the relationship of ergativity to various structural and semantic factors that have been adduced in the literature. This includes agreement patterns, possessors, aspect, evidentiality and various lexical semantic factors.

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400 Sprachwissenschaft, Linguistik
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Indo-Aryan, split-ergativity, perfective, diachrony, semantic case
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ISO 690BUTT, Miriam, Ashwini DEO, 2017. Developments Into and Out of Ergativity : Indo-Aryan Diachrony. In: COON, Jessica, ed., Diane MASSAM, ed., Lisa Demena TRAVIS, ed.. The Oxford handbook of ergativity. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2017, pp. 530-552. ISBN 978-0-19-873937-1. Available under: doi: 10.1093/oxfordhb/9780198739371.013.22
BibTex
@incollection{Butt2017Devel-40860,
  year={2017},
  doi={10.1093/oxfordhb/9780198739371.013.22},
  title={Developments Into and Out of Ergativity : Indo-Aryan Diachrony},
  isbn={978-0-19-873937-1},
  publisher={Oxford University Press},
  address={Oxford},
  booktitle={The Oxford handbook of ergativity},
  pages={530--552},
  editor={Coon, Jessica and Massam, Diane and Travis, Lisa Demena},
  author={Butt, Miriam and Deo, Ashwini}
}
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