Function Words at the Interface : A Two-Tier Approach

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Languages. MDPI. 2021, 6(4), 197. eISSN 2226-471X. Available under: doi: 10.3390/languages6040197
Zusammenfassung

The distinction between function words and content words poses a challenge to theories of the syntax–prosody interface. On the one hand, function words are “ignored” by the mapping algorithms; that is, function words are not mapped to prosodic words. On the other hand, there are numerous accounts of function words which form prosodic words and can even be analysed as heads of larger prosodic units. Furthermore, function words seem to be a driving factor for the formation of prosodic structures in that they can largely be held accountable for the non-isomorphism between syntactic and prosodic constituency. This paper discusses these challenges with a focus on a particular function word, and the first-person nominative pronoun in Swabian, a Southern German dialect. By means of two corpus studies, it is shown that the pronoun occurs in two forms, the prosodic word [i:] and the enclitic [ə]. Depending on clause position and focus structure, the forms occur in complementary distribution. Occurrences of n-insertion allow for the establishment of a recursive prosodic word structure at the level of the phonological module. The findings support a new proposal in the form of a two-tier mapping approach to the interface between syntax and prosody.

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400 Sprachwissenschaft, Linguistik
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ISO 690BÖGEL, Tina, 2021. Function Words at the Interface : A Two-Tier Approach. In: Languages. MDPI. 2021, 6(4), 197. eISSN 2226-471X. Available under: doi: 10.3390/languages6040197
BibTex
@article{Bogel2021-12Funct-55824,
  year={2021},
  doi={10.3390/languages6040197},
  title={Function Words at the Interface : A Two-Tier Approach},
  number={4},
  volume={6},
  journal={Languages},
  author={Bögel, Tina},
  note={Article Number: 197}
}
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