Mapping the Human Toxome by Systems Toxicology

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2014
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Bouhifd, Mounir
Hogberg, Helena T.
Kleensang, Andre
Maertens, Alexandra
Zhao, Liang
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Basic & Clinical Pharmacology & Toxicology. 2014, 115(1), pp. 24-31. ISSN 1742-7835. eISSN 1742-7843. Available under: doi: 10.1111/bcpt.12198
Zusammenfassung

Toxicity testing typically involves studying adverse health outcomes in animals subjected to high doses of toxicants with subsequent extrapolation to expected human responses at lower doses. The low-throughput of current toxicity testing approaches (which are largely the same for industrial chemicals, pesticides and drugs) has led to a backlog of more than 80,000 chemicals to which human beings are potentially exposed whose potential toxicity remains largely unknown. Employing new testing strategies that employ the use of predictive, high-throughput cell-based assays (of human origin) to evaluate perturbations in key pathways, referred as pathways of toxicity, and to conduct targeted testing against those pathways, we can begin to greatly accelerate our ability to test the vast ‘storehouses’ of chemical compounds using a rational, risk-based approach to chemical prioritization and provide test results that are more predictive of human toxicity than current methods. The NIH Transformative Research Grant project Mapping the Human Toxome by Systems Toxicology aims at developing the tools for pathway mapping, annotation and validation as well as the respective knowledge base to share this information.

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570 Biowissenschaften, Biologie
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ISO 690BOUHIFD, Mounir, Helena T. HOGBERG, Andre KLEENSANG, Alexandra MAERTENS, Liang ZHAO, Thomas HARTUNG, 2014. Mapping the Human Toxome by Systems Toxicology. In: Basic & Clinical Pharmacology & Toxicology. 2014, 115(1), pp. 24-31. ISSN 1742-7835. eISSN 1742-7843. Available under: doi: 10.1111/bcpt.12198
BibTex
@article{Bouhifd2014Mappi-29842,
  year={2014},
  doi={10.1111/bcpt.12198},
  title={Mapping the Human Toxome by Systems Toxicology},
  number={1},
  volume={115},
  issn={1742-7835},
  journal={Basic & Clinical Pharmacology & Toxicology},
  pages={24--31},
  author={Bouhifd, Mounir and Hogberg, Helena T. and Kleensang, Andre and Maertens, Alexandra and Zhao, Liang and Hartung, Thomas}
}
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    <dcterms:abstract xml:lang="eng">Toxicity testing typically involves studying adverse health outcomes in animals subjected to high doses of toxicants with subsequent extrapolation to expected human responses at lower doses. The low-throughput of current toxicity testing approaches (which are largely the same for industrial chemicals, pesticides and drugs) has led to a backlog of more than 80,000 chemicals to which human beings are potentially exposed whose potential toxicity remains largely unknown. Employing new testing strategies that employ the use of predictive, high-throughput cell-based assays (of human origin) to evaluate perturbations in key pathways, referred as pathways of toxicity, and to conduct targeted testing against those pathways, we can begin to greatly accelerate our ability to test the vast ‘storehouses’ of chemical compounds using a rational, risk-based approach to chemical prioritization and provide test results that are more predictive of human toxicity than current methods. The NIH Transformative Research Grant project Mapping the Human Toxome by Systems Toxicology aims at developing the tools for pathway mapping, annotation and validation as well as the respective knowledge base to share this information.</dcterms:abstract>
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