Migration and citizenship in modern Turkey

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MEIJER, Roel, ed., James N. SATER, ed., Zahra R. BABAR, ed.. Routledge Handbook of Citizenship in the Middle East and North Africa. 1st edition. London: Routledge, 2020, pp. 440-455. ISBN 978-0-367-17893-2. Available under: doi: 10.4324/9780429058288-36
Zusammenfassung

This chapter offers an overview of the evolution of Turkish nationality and citizenship, entangled with inward and outward population movements since the foundation of the Republic. While these movement created different pressures for nationality and citizenship policies, there has been a large room for political manoeuvre due to the duality between an ethno-cultural conception of Turkish nationality and an ostensibly civic-republican view of the Turkish nation. By virtue of this ambivalence, modern Turkish citizenship regime has adapted to shifting political priorities in response to changing demographic, economic and political circumstances in domestic and international spheres. In the early years of the republic, the overarching priority was nation-building and cultural homogenisation. In the 1960s and 1970s, upgrading human capital and securing financial capital inflows constituted an important part of the economic development strategy. After 1980, the focus shifted to the political empowerment of expatriates, with a view to increasing their influence in host countries and receiving their support in the home country. In this sense, the dominant approach has moved from a passive conservatism of single nationality towards active promotion of dual citizenship. The chapter traces this evolution and discusses the implications for current issues, giving special attention to the interplay between the pragmatic use of nationality and citizenship policies, and the ambivalent character of the citizenship regime.

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ISO 690YASAR, Rusen, 2020. Migration and citizenship in modern Turkey. In: MEIJER, Roel, ed., James N. SATER, ed., Zahra R. BABAR, ed.. Routledge Handbook of Citizenship in the Middle East and North Africa. 1st edition. London: Routledge, 2020, pp. 440-455. ISBN 978-0-367-17893-2. Available under: doi: 10.4324/9780429058288-36
BibTex
@incollection{Yasar2020Migra-52119,
  year={2020},
  doi={10.4324/9780429058288-36},
  title={Migration and citizenship in modern Turkey},
  edition={1st edition},
  isbn={978-0-367-17893-2},
  publisher={Routledge},
  address={London},
  booktitle={Routledge Handbook of Citizenship in the Middle East and North Africa},
  pages={440--455},
  editor={Meijer, Roel and Sater, James N. and Babar, Zahra R.},
  author={Yasar, Rusen}
}
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