Plastoglobules in algae : A comprehensive comparative study of the presence of major structural and functional components in complex plastids

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Marine Genomics. 2016, 28, pp. 127-136. ISSN 1874-7787. Available under: doi: 10.1016/j.margen.2016.06.005
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Plastoglobules (PG) are lipophilic droplets attached to thylakoid membranes in higher plants and green algae and are implicated in prenyl lipid biosynthesis. They might also represent a central hub for integration of plastid signals under stress and therefore the adaptation of the thylakoid membrane under such conditions. In Arabidopsis thaliana, PG contain around 30 specific proteins of which Fibrillins (FBN) and Activity of bc1 complex kinases (ABC1K) represent the majority with respect to both number and protein mass. However, nothing is known about the presence of PG in most algal species, which are responsible for about 50% of global primary production. Therefore, we searched the genomes of publicly available algal genomes for components of PG and the associated functional network in order to predict their presence and potential evolutionary conservation of physiological functions. We could identify homologous sequences for core components of PG, like FBN and ABC1K, in most investigated algal species. Furthermore, proteins at central and interesting positions within the PG functional coexpression network were identified. Phylogenetic sequence analysis revealed diversity within FBN and ABC1K sequences among algal species with complex plastids of the red lineage and large differences compared with green lineage species. Two types of FBN were detected that differ in their isoelectric point which seems to correlate with subcellular localization. Subgroups of FBN were shared between many investigated species and modeling of their 3D-structure implied a conserved structure. FBN and ABC1K are essential structural and functional components of PG. Their occurrence in investigated algal species suggests presence of PG therein and functions in prenyl lipid metabolism and adaptation of the thylakoid membrane that are conserved during evolution.

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ISO 690LOHSCHEIDER, Jens, Carolina RÍO BÁRTULOS, 2016. Plastoglobules in algae : A comprehensive comparative study of the presence of major structural and functional components in complex plastids. In: Marine Genomics. 2016, 28, pp. 127-136. ISSN 1874-7787. Available under: doi: 10.1016/j.margen.2016.06.005
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@article{Lohscheider2016Plast-36594,
  year={2016},
  doi={10.1016/j.margen.2016.06.005},
  title={Plastoglobules in algae : A comprehensive comparative study of the presence of major structural and functional components in complex plastids},
  volume={28},
  issn={1874-7787},
  journal={Marine Genomics},
  pages={127--136},
  author={Lohscheider, Jens and Río Bártulos, Carolina}
}
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