The Lure of Beauty : People Select Representations of Statistical Information Largely Based on Attractiveness, Not Comprehensibility

Lade...
Vorschaubild
Dateien
Gaissmaier_2-mxw1hcm8aof58.pdf
Gaissmaier_2-mxw1hcm8aof58.pdfGröße: 700.63 KBDownloads: 3
Datum
2023
Herausgeber:innen
Kontakt
ISSN der Zeitschrift
Electronic ISSN
ISBN
Bibliografische Daten
Verlag
Schriftenreihe
Auflagebezeichnung
ArXiv-ID
Internationale Patentnummer
Link zur Lizenz
Angaben zur Forschungsförderung
Projekt
Open Access-Veröffentlichung
Open Access Hybrid
Core Facility der Universität Konstanz
Gesperrt bis
Titel in einer weiteren Sprache
Forschungsvorhaben
Organisationseinheiten
Zeitschriftenheft
Publikationstyp
Zeitschriftenartikel
Publikationsstatus
Published
Erschienen in
Medical Decision Making (MDM). Sage. 2023, 43(7-8), pp. 774-788. ISSN 0272-989X. eISSN 1552-681X. Available under: doi: 10.1177/0272989x231201579
Zusammenfassung

Objective
People differ in whether they understand graphical or numerical representations of statistical information better. However, assessing these skills is often not feasible when deciding which representation to select or use. This study investigates whether people choose the representation they understand better, whether this choice can improve risk comprehension, and whether results are influenced by participants’ skills (graph literacy and numeracy).

Methods
In an experiment, 160 participants received information about the benefits and side effects of painkillers using either a numerical or a graphical representation. In the “no choice” condition, the representation was randomly assigned to each participant. In the “choice” condition, participants could select the representation they would like to receive. The study assessed gist and verbatim knowledge (immediate comprehension and recall), accessibility of the information, attractiveness of the representation, as well as graph literacy and numeracy.

Results
In the “choice” condition, most (62.5%) chose the graphical format, yet there was no difference in graph literacy or numeracy (nor age or gender) between people who chose the graphical or the numerical format. Whereas choice slightly increased verbatim knowledge, it did not improve gist or overall knowledge compared with random assignment. However, participants who chose a representation rated the representation as more attractive, and those who chose graphs rated them as more accessible than those without a choice.

Limitations
The sample consisted of highly educated undergraduate students with higher graph literacy than the general population. The task was inconsequential for participants in terms of their health.

Conclusions
When people can choose between representations, they fail to identify what they comprehend better but largely base that choice on how attractive the representation is for them.

Zusammenfassung in einer weiteren Sprache
Fachgebiet (DDC)
320 Politik
Schlagwörter
risk communication, icon arrays, medical decision making, graph literacy, numeracy
Konferenz
Rezension
undefined / . - undefined, undefined
Zitieren
ISO 690GAISSMAIER, Wolfgang, Kevin Erik TIEDE, Rocio GARCIA-RETAMERO, 2023. The Lure of Beauty : People Select Representations of Statistical Information Largely Based on Attractiveness, Not Comprehensibility. In: Medical Decision Making (MDM). Sage. 2023, 43(7-8), pp. 774-788. ISSN 0272-989X. eISSN 1552-681X. Available under: doi: 10.1177/0272989x231201579
BibTex
@article{Gaissmaier2023-10Beaut-68030,
  year={2023},
  doi={10.1177/0272989x231201579},
  title={The Lure of Beauty : People Select Representations of Statistical Information Largely Based on Attractiveness, Not Comprehensibility},
  number={7-8},
  volume={43},
  issn={0272-989X},
  journal={Medical Decision Making (MDM)},
  pages={774--788},
  author={Gaissmaier, Wolfgang and Tiede, Kevin Erik and Garcia-Retamero, Rocio}
}
RDF
<rdf:RDF
    xmlns:dcterms="http://purl.org/dc/terms/"
    xmlns:dc="http://purl.org/dc/elements/1.1/"
    xmlns:rdf="http://www.w3.org/1999/02/22-rdf-syntax-ns#"
    xmlns:bibo="http://purl.org/ontology/bibo/"
    xmlns:dspace="http://digital-repositories.org/ontologies/dspace/0.1.0#"
    xmlns:foaf="http://xmlns.com/foaf/0.1/"
    xmlns:void="http://rdfs.org/ns/void#"
    xmlns:xsd="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema#" > 
  <rdf:Description rdf:about="https://kops.uni-konstanz.de/server/rdf/resource/123456789/68030">
    <dc:contributor>Tiede, Kevin Erik</dc:contributor>
    <dspace:hasBitstream rdf:resource="https://kops.uni-konstanz.de/bitstream/123456789/68030/1/Gaissmaier_2-mxw1hcm8aof58.pdf"/>
    <dcterms:rights rdf:resource="http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/"/>
    <dcterms:title>The Lure of Beauty : People Select Representations of Statistical Information Largely Based on Attractiveness, Not Comprehensibility</dcterms:title>
    <dcterms:isPartOf rdf:resource="https://kops.uni-konstanz.de/server/rdf/resource/123456789/43"/>
    <void:sparqlEndpoint rdf:resource="http://localhost/fuseki/dspace/sparql"/>
    <dc:creator>Garcia-Retamero, Rocio</dc:creator>
    <dcterms:issued>2023-10</dcterms:issued>
    <dc:contributor>Garcia-Retamero, Rocio</dc:contributor>
    <dc:creator>Tiede, Kevin Erik</dc:creator>
    <dcterms:available rdf:datatype="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema#dateTime">2023-11-02T12:38:39Z</dcterms:available>
    <bibo:uri rdf:resource="https://kops.uni-konstanz.de/handle/123456789/68030"/>
    <dc:creator>Gaissmaier, Wolfgang</dc:creator>
    <dspace:isPartOfCollection rdf:resource="https://kops.uni-konstanz.de/server/rdf/resource/123456789/43615"/>
    <dc:language>eng</dc:language>
    <dcterms:abstract>Objective&lt;br /&gt;
People differ in whether they understand graphical or numerical representations of statistical information better. However, assessing these skills is often not feasible when deciding which representation to select or use. This study investigates whether people choose the representation they understand better, whether this choice can improve risk comprehension, and whether results are influenced by participants’ skills (graph literacy and numeracy).&lt;br /&gt;&lt;br /&gt;
Methods&lt;br /&gt;
In an experiment, 160 participants received information about the benefits and side effects of painkillers using either a numerical or a graphical representation. In the “no choice” condition, the representation was randomly assigned to each participant. In the “choice” condition, participants could select the representation they would like to receive. The study assessed gist and verbatim knowledge (immediate comprehension and recall), accessibility of the information, attractiveness of the representation, as well as graph literacy and numeracy.&lt;br /&gt;&lt;br /&gt;
Results&lt;br /&gt;
In the “choice” condition, most (62.5%) chose the graphical format, yet there was no difference in graph literacy or numeracy (nor age or gender) between people who chose the graphical or the numerical format. Whereas choice slightly increased verbatim knowledge, it did not improve gist or overall knowledge compared with random assignment. However, participants who chose a representation rated the representation as more attractive, and those who chose graphs rated them as more accessible than those without a choice.&lt;br /&gt;&lt;br /&gt;
Limitations&lt;br /&gt;
The sample consisted of highly educated undergraduate students with higher graph literacy than the general population. The task was inconsequential for participants in terms of their health.&lt;br /&gt;&lt;br /&gt;
Conclusions&lt;br /&gt;
When people can choose between representations, they fail to identify what they comprehend better but largely base that choice on how attractive the representation is for them.</dcterms:abstract>
    <dcterms:isPartOf rdf:resource="https://kops.uni-konstanz.de/server/rdf/resource/123456789/43615"/>
    <dc:date rdf:datatype="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema#dateTime">2023-11-02T12:38:39Z</dc:date>
    <dc:contributor>Gaissmaier, Wolfgang</dc:contributor>
    <dcterms:hasPart rdf:resource="https://kops.uni-konstanz.de/bitstream/123456789/68030/1/Gaissmaier_2-mxw1hcm8aof58.pdf"/>
    <dspace:isPartOfCollection rdf:resource="https://kops.uni-konstanz.de/server/rdf/resource/123456789/43"/>
    <dc:rights>Attribution 4.0 International</dc:rights>
    <foaf:homepage rdf:resource="http://localhost:8080/"/>
  </rdf:Description>
</rdf:RDF>
Interner Vermerk
xmlui.Submission.submit.DescribeStep.inputForms.label.kops_note_fromSubmitter
Kontakt
URL der Originalveröffentl.
Prüfdatum der URL
Prüfungsdatum der Dissertation
Finanzierungsart
Kommentar zur Publikation
Allianzlizenz
Corresponding Authors der Uni Konstanz vorhanden
Internationale Co-Autor:innen
Universitätsbibliographie
Ja
Begutachtet
Ja
Diese Publikation teilen