Dense-core secretory vesicle docking and exocytotic membrane fusionin Paramecium cells

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Biochimica et Biophysica Acta - Biomembranes. 2003, 1641(2-3), pp. 189-193. ISSN 0005-2736. eISSN 1879-2642
Zusammenfassung

Work with Paramecium has contributed to the actual understanding of certain aspects of exocytosis regulation, including membrane fusion. The system is faster and more synchronous than any other dense-core vesicle system described and its highly regular design facilitates correlation of functional and ultrastructural (freeze-fracture) features. From early times on, several crucial aspects of exocytosis regulation have been found in Paramecium cells, e.g. genetically controlled microdomains (with distinct ultrastructure) for organelle docking and membrane fusion, involvement of calmodulin in establishing such microdomains, priming by ATP, occurrence of focal fusion with active participation of integral and peripheral proteins, decay of a population of integral proteins ( rosettes , mandatory for fusion capacity) into subunits and their lateral dispersal during fusion, etc. The size of rosette particles and their dispersal upon focal fusion would be directly compatible with proteolipid V0 subunits of a V-ATPase, much better than the size predicted for oligomeric SNARE pins (SCAMPs are unknown from Paramecium at this time). However, there are some restrictions for a straightforward interpretation of ultrastructural results. The rather pointed, nipple-like tip of the trichocyst membrane could accommodate only one (or very few) potential V0 counterpart(s), while the overlaying domain of the cell membrane contains numerous rosette particles. Particle size is compatible with V0, but larger than that assumed for the SNARE complexes. When membrane fusion is induced in the presence of antibodies against cell surface components, focal fusion is seen to occur with dispersing rosette particles but without dispersal of their subunits and without pore expansion. Clearly, this is required for completing fusion and pore expansion. After cloning SNARE and V0 components in Paramecium (with increasing details becoming rapidly available), we may soon be able to address the question more directly, whether any of these components or some new ones to be detected, serve exocytotic and/or any other membrane fusions in Paramecium.

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570 Biowissenschaften, Biologie
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Exocytosis, Membrane fusion, Pamecium, Protozoa
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ISO 690PLATTNER, Helmut, Roland KISSMEHL, 2003. Dense-core secretory vesicle docking and exocytotic membrane fusionin Paramecium cells. In: Biochimica et Biophysica Acta - Biomembranes. 2003, 1641(2-3), pp. 189-193. ISSN 0005-2736. eISSN 1879-2642
BibTex
@article{Plattner2003Dense-8501,
  year={2003},
  title={Dense-core secretory vesicle docking and exocytotic membrane fusionin Paramecium cells},
  number={2-3},
  volume={1641},
  issn={0005-2736},
  journal={Biochimica et Biophysica Acta - Biomembranes},
  pages={189--193},
  author={Plattner, Helmut and Kissmehl, Roland}
}
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