Nonconscious goal pursuit : acting in an explanatory vacuum

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2006
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Oettingen, Gabriele
Grant, Heidi
Smith, Pamela K.
Skinner, Mary
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Journal of Experimental Social Psychology. 2006, 42, pp. 668-675. Available under: doi: 10.1016/j.jesp.2005.10.003
Zusammenfassung

Nonconsciously activated goals and consciously set goals produce the same outcomes by engaging similar psychological processes (Bargh, 1990; Gollwitzer & Bargh, 2005). However, nonconscious and conscious goal pursuit may have different effects on subsequent affect if goal pursuit affords an explanation, as nonconscious goal pursuit occurs in an explanatory vacuum (i.e. cannot be readily attributed to the respective goal intention). We compared self-reported affect after nonconscious versus conscious goal pursuit that either violated or conformed to a prevailing social norm. When goal-directed behavior did not require an explanation (was norm-conforming), affective experiences did not differ after nonconscious and conscious goal pursuit. However, when goal directed behavior required an explanation (was norm-violating), nonconscious goal pursuit induced more negative affect than conscious goal pursuit.

Zusammenfassung in einer weiteren Sprache
Fachgebiet (DDC)
150 Psychologie
Schlagwörter
Automatic goal pursuit, Conscious goal pursuit, Norm-violating behavior, Explanatory vacuum, Affective experience
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ISO 690OETTINGEN, Gabriele, Heidi GRANT, Pamela K. SMITH, Mary SKINNER, Peter M. GOLLWITZER, 2006. Nonconscious goal pursuit : acting in an explanatory vacuum. In: Journal of Experimental Social Psychology. 2006, 42, pp. 668-675. Available under: doi: 10.1016/j.jesp.2005.10.003
BibTex
@article{Oettingen2006Nonco-10516,
  year={2006},
  doi={10.1016/j.jesp.2005.10.003},
  title={Nonconscious goal pursuit : acting in an explanatory vacuum},
  volume={42},
  journal={Journal of Experimental Social Psychology},
  pages={668--675},
  author={Oettingen, Gabriele and Grant, Heidi and Smith, Pamela K. and Skinner, Mary and Gollwitzer, Peter M.}
}
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