On the mechanism of D-amino acid oxidase : structure/linear free energy correlations and deuterium kinetic isotope effects using substituted phenylglycines

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1997
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Pollegioni, Loredano
Blodig, Wolfgang
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Journal of Biological Chemistry. 1997, 272(8), pp. 4924-4934. ISSN 0021-9258. eISSN 1083-351X. Available under: doi: 10.1074/jbc.272.8.4924
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The kinetic mechanism of the reaction of D-amino acid oxidase (EC 1.4.3.3) from Trigonopsis variabilis with [α-1H]- and [α-2H]phenylglycine has been determined. The pH dependence of Vmax is compatible with pKa values of ≈8.1 and >9.5, the former of which is attributed to a base which should be deprotonated for efficient catalysis. The deuterium isotope effect on turnover is ≈3.9, and the solvent isotope effect ≈1.6. The reductive half-reaction is biphasic, the first, fast phase, k2, corresponding to substrate dehydrogenation/enzyme flavin reduction and the second to conversion/release of product. Enzyme flavin reduction consists in an approach to equilibrium involving a finite rate for k-2, the reversal of k2. k2 is 28.8 and 4.6 s-1 for [α-1H]- and [α-2H]phenylglycine, respectively, yielding a primary deuterium isotope effect ≈6. The solvent deuterium isotope effect on the apparent rate of reduction for [α-1H]- and [α-2H]phenylglycine is ≈2.8 and ≈5. The rates for k-2 are 4.2 and 0.9 s-1 for [α-1H]- and [α-2H]phenylglycine, respectively, and the corresponding isotope effect is approx 4.7. The isotope effect on α-H and the solvent one thus behave multiplicatively consistent with a highly concerted process and a symmetric transition state.
The k2 and k-2 values for phenylglycines carrying the para substituents F, Cl, Br, CH3, OH, NO2 and OCH3 have been determined. There is a linear correlation of k2 with the substituent volume VM and with σ+; k-2 correlates best with σ or σ+ while steric parameters have little influence. This is consistent with the transition state being structurally similar to the product. The Brønsted plot of ΔGDagger versus ΔG0 allows the estimation of the intrinsic ΔG0Dagger as ≈58 kJ·M-1. From the linear free energy correlations, the relation of ΔGDagger versus ΔG0 and according to the theory of Marcus it is concluded that there is little if any development of charge in the transition state. This, together with the recently solved three-dimensional structure of D-amino acid oxidase from pig kidney (Mattevi, A., Vanoni, M.A., Todone, F., Rizzi, M., Teplyakov, A., Coda, A., Bolognesi, M., and Curti, B. (1996) Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U. S. A. 93, 7496-7501), argues against a carbanion mechanism in its classical formulation. Our data are compatible with transfer of a hydride from the substrate αC-H to the oxidized flavin N(5) position, although, clearly, they cannot prove it.

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ISO 690POLLEGIONI, Loredano, Wolfgang BLODIG, Sandro GHISLA, 1997. On the mechanism of D-amino acid oxidase : structure/linear free energy correlations and deuterium kinetic isotope effects using substituted phenylglycines. In: Journal of Biological Chemistry. 1997, 272(8), pp. 4924-4934. ISSN 0021-9258. eISSN 1083-351X. Available under: doi: 10.1074/jbc.272.8.4924
BibTex
@article{Pollegioni1997mecha-6783,
  year={1997},
  doi={10.1074/jbc.272.8.4924},
  title={On the mechanism of D-amino acid oxidase : structure/linear free energy correlations and deuterium kinetic isotope effects using substituted phenylglycines},
  number={8},
  volume={272},
  issn={0021-9258},
  journal={Journal of Biological Chemistry},
  pages={4924--4934},
  author={Pollegioni, Loredano and Blodig, Wolfgang and Ghisla, Sandro}
}
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    <dcterms:abstract xml:lang="deu">The kinetic mechanism of the reaction of D-amino acid oxidase (EC 1.4.3.3) from Trigonopsis variabilis with [α-1H]- and [α-2H]phenylglycine has been determined. The pH dependence of Vmax is compatible with pKa values of ≈8.1 and &gt;9.5, the former of which is attributed to a base which should be deprotonated for efficient catalysis. The deuterium isotope effect on turnover is ≈3.9, and the solvent isotope effect ≈1.6. The reductive half-reaction is biphasic, the first, fast phase, k2, corresponding to substrate dehydrogenation/enzyme flavin reduction and the second to conversion/release of product. Enzyme flavin reduction consists in an approach to equilibrium involving a finite rate for k-2, the reversal of k2. k2 is 28.8 and 4.6 s-1 for [α-1H]- and [α-2H]phenylglycine, respectively, yielding a primary deuterium isotope effect ≈6. The solvent deuterium isotope effect on the apparent rate of reduction for [α-1H]- and [α-2H]phenylglycine is ≈2.8 and ≈5. The rates for k-2 are 4.2 and 0.9 s-1 for [α-1H]- and [α-2H]phenylglycine, respectively, and the corresponding isotope effect is approx 4.7. The isotope effect on α-H and the solvent one thus behave multiplicatively consistent with a highly concerted process and a symmetric transition state.&lt;br /&gt;The k2 and k-2 values for phenylglycines carrying the para substituents F, Cl, Br, CH3, OH, NO2 and OCH3 have been determined. There is a linear correlation of k2 with the substituent volume VM and with σ+; k-2 correlates best with σ  or σ+ while steric parameters have little influence. This is consistent with the transition state being structurally similar to the product. The Brønsted plot of ΔGDagger versus ΔG0 allows the estimation of the intrinsic ΔG0Dagger as ≈58 kJ·M-1. From the linear free energy correlations, the relation of ΔGDagger versus ΔG0 and according to the theory of Marcus it is concluded that there is little if any development of charge in the transition state. This, together with the recently solved three-dimensional structure of D-amino acid oxidase from pig kidney (Mattevi, A., Vanoni, M.A., Todone, F., Rizzi, M., Teplyakov, A., Coda, A., Bolognesi, M., and Curti, B. (1996) Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U. S. A. 93, 7496-7501), argues against a carbanion mechanism in its classical formulation. Our data are compatible with transfer of a hydride from the substrate αC-H to the oxidized flavin N(5) position, although, clearly, they cannot prove it.</dcterms:abstract>
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